Comparison of Equity Preferences for Life Expectancy Gains: A Discrete Choice Experiment among the Japanese and Korean General Public

Rei Goto, Takeshi Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Setting priorities for limited public resources has become a topic of heated discussion the world over. Assigning different weights for the health gains of different population groups allows for equity considerations in cost-effectiveness analysis. However, only a few empirical works have elicited the preferences of the general public. Objective: To compare the equity preferemce assigned by Japanese and Koreans. Methods: We conducted a Web-based survey in March 2013, including a discrete choice experiment, to elicit the equity preferences of the general public for the life expectancy gains of different population groups. We selected attributes and designed the experiment following Norman et al.'s study (Norman R, Hall J, Street D, Viney R. Efficiency and equity: a stated preference approach. Health Econ 2013;22:568–81). Accordingly, we analyzed preference for sex, smoking status, lifestyle, caring status, income, and age. Results: The Japanese assigned a higher preference for males (P < 0.001), nonsmokers (P < 0.001), those with lower income (P < 0.001), and carers (P < 0.001), and they assigned a lower preference for those with a life expectancy of 60 years (P = 0.002) and 75-year-olds (P < 0.001). Koreans have the same patterns of preference for lower income (P < 0.001), caring (P < 0.001), and smoking status (P = 0.026). However, they prefer both sexes (P = 0.331) and different age groups equally. In both countries, respondents tend to prefer groups with characteristics similar to their own. Conclusions: People from the two Asian developed countries, with universal health insurance, show different equity preferences. These may reflect the variations in cultural background and coverage of health care services.

LanguageEnglish
Pages8-13
Number of pages6
JournalValue in Health Regional Issues
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1

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Life Expectancy
Population Groups
Smoking
Health
Health Insurance
Developed Countries
Caregivers
Weight Gain
Health Services
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Life Style
Age Groups
Delivery of Health Care
Discrete choice experiment
Equity
Life expectancy
Surveys and Questionnaires
Low income

Keywords

  • discrete choice experiment
  • equity
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • preference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of Equity Preferences for Life Expectancy Gains: A Discrete Choice Experiment among the Japanese and Korean General Public",
abstract = "Background: Setting priorities for limited public resources has become a topic of heated discussion the world over. Assigning different weights for the health gains of different population groups allows for equity considerations in cost-effectiveness analysis. However, only a few empirical works have elicited the preferences of the general public. Objective: To compare the equity preferemce assigned by Japanese and Koreans. Methods: We conducted a Web-based survey in March 2013, including a discrete choice experiment, to elicit the equity preferences of the general public for the life expectancy gains of different population groups. We selected attributes and designed the experiment following Norman et al.'s study (Norman R, Hall J, Street D, Viney R. Efficiency and equity: a stated preference approach. Health Econ 2013;22:568–81). Accordingly, we analyzed preference for sex, smoking status, lifestyle, caring status, income, and age. Results: The Japanese assigned a higher preference for males (P < 0.001), nonsmokers (P < 0.001), those with lower income (P < 0.001), and carers (P < 0.001), and they assigned a lower preference for those with a life expectancy of 60 years (P = 0.002) and 75-year-olds (P < 0.001). Koreans have the same patterns of preference for lower income (P < 0.001), caring (P < 0.001), and smoking status (P = 0.026). However, they prefer both sexes (P = 0.331) and different age groups equally. In both countries, respondents tend to prefer groups with characteristics similar to their own. Conclusions: People from the two Asian developed countries, with universal health insurance, show different equity preferences. These may reflect the variations in cultural background and coverage of health care services.",
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AB - Background: Setting priorities for limited public resources has become a topic of heated discussion the world over. Assigning different weights for the health gains of different population groups allows for equity considerations in cost-effectiveness analysis. However, only a few empirical works have elicited the preferences of the general public. Objective: To compare the equity preferemce assigned by Japanese and Koreans. Methods: We conducted a Web-based survey in March 2013, including a discrete choice experiment, to elicit the equity preferences of the general public for the life expectancy gains of different population groups. We selected attributes and designed the experiment following Norman et al.'s study (Norman R, Hall J, Street D, Viney R. Efficiency and equity: a stated preference approach. Health Econ 2013;22:568–81). Accordingly, we analyzed preference for sex, smoking status, lifestyle, caring status, income, and age. Results: The Japanese assigned a higher preference for males (P < 0.001), nonsmokers (P < 0.001), those with lower income (P < 0.001), and carers (P < 0.001), and they assigned a lower preference for those with a life expectancy of 60 years (P = 0.002) and 75-year-olds (P < 0.001). Koreans have the same patterns of preference for lower income (P < 0.001), caring (P < 0.001), and smoking status (P = 0.026). However, they prefer both sexes (P = 0.331) and different age groups equally. In both countries, respondents tend to prefer groups with characteristics similar to their own. Conclusions: People from the two Asian developed countries, with universal health insurance, show different equity preferences. These may reflect the variations in cultural background and coverage of health care services.

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