Comparison of knee mechanics among risky athletic motions for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury

Hidenori Tanikawa, Hideo Matsumoto, Ikki Komiyama, Yoshimori Kiriyama, Yoshiaki Toyama, Takeo Nagura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been suggested that noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury commonly occurs during sports requiring acute deceleration or landing motion and that female athletes are more likely to sustain the injury than male athletes. The purpose of this study was to make task-to-task and male-female comparisons of knee kinematics and kinetics in several athletic activities. Three-dimensional knee kinematics and kinetics were investigated in 20 recreational athletes (10 males, 10 females) while performing hopping, cutting, turning, and sidestep and running (sharp deceleration associated with a change of direction). Knee kinematics and kinetics were compared among the four athletic tasks and between sexes. Subjects exhibited significantly lower peak flexion angle and higher peak extension moment in hopping compared with other activities (P < .05). In the frontal plane, peak abduction angle and peak adduction moment in cutting, turning, and sidestep and running were significantly greater compared with hopping (P < .05). No differences in knee kinematics and kinetics were apparent between male and female subjects. Recreational athletes exhibited different knee kinematics and kinetics in the four athletic motions, particularly in the sagittal and frontal planes. Male and female subjects demonstrated similar knee motions during the four athletic activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-755
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Gait analysis
  • Kinetics
  • Sports medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of knee mechanics among risky athletic motions for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this