Comparison of water- and land-based exercise in the reduction of state anxiety among older adults

Eiji Watanabe, Akiyoshi Okada, Nobuo Takeshima, Kimihiro Inomata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the effect of an acute exercise program of different exercise conditions on state anxiety among older adults. 73 healthy subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to either water exercise group (n = 36) or land exercise group (n = 37). State anxiety was assessed before exercise and following exercise. Subjects in the water exercise performed a 70-min. exercise program consisting of a 10-min. warm-up, a 20-min. brisk walking, a 20-min. rhythmic dancing, a 10-min. resistance training, and a 10-min. cool down exercise. The land exercise program contained a 10-min. warm-up and a 30-min. combined endurance and resistance exercise, followed by a 10-min. cool down exercise. Analysis showed that both exercise groups scored significantly (p<.001) lower on anxiety after exercise, but there was no significant interaction for group by trial for scores on state anxiety. The data indicate that elderly persons who participate in these types of exercise report lower state anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalPerceptual and Motor Skills
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Aug
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems


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