Transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) provides wide-angle clear vision for otologic surgery. We report the utility of TEES with the mirror technique for the complete removal of a congenital cholesteatoma in a 3-year-old boy. A white mass was observed through the tympanic mem-brane, and a congenital cholesteatoma was suspected during the conservative treatment of otitis media with effusion. Pre-operative computed tomography (CT) revealed an irregular mass lesion in the left middle ear, with bone erosion in the hypotympanum. During surgery, an open-type cholesteatoma was observed, mainly in the middle lower tympanum. The cholesteatoma had destroyed the periphery of the temporomandibular joint, which was widely exposed. The cholesteatoma had also spread to the tympanic sinus. Careful observation with a forward-oblique view-ing endoscope and a variable angle tympanic mirror enabled complete removal of the mass under endoscopic guidance. No recurrence was observed during the postoperative follow-up, although residual open-type congenital cholesteatoma may often result in recurrence. We believe that careful removal of the lesion under TEES, which allowed us to perform surgery under a secure view with illumination and magnification, may have facilitated complete removal and prevented recurrence.
- Congenital cholesteatoma
- Transcanal endoscopic ear surgery
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