Complete scaling analysis of the metal-insulator transition in Ge:Ga: Effects of doping-compensation and magnetic field

Kohei M. Itoh, Michio Watanabe, Youiti Ootuka, Eugene E. Haller, Tomi Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the complete scaling analysis of low temperature electron transport properties with and without magnetic field in the critical regime for the metal-insulator transition in two series of homogeneously doped p-type Ge samples: i) nominally uncompensated neutron-transmutation-doped (NTD) 70Ge:Ga samples with the technological compensation ratio K < 0.001, and ii) intentionally compensated NTD natGe:Ga,As samples with K = 0.32. For the case of the uncompensated series in zero magnetic field, the critical exponents μ, ν, and ζ determined for the electrical conductivity (σ), localization length (ξ), and impurity dielectric susceptability (χimp), respectively, change at the very vicinity of the critical Ga concentration (N ∼ Nc). Namely, the anomalous critical exponents, e.g. μ ≈ 0.5, change to μ ≈ 1 only within the region 0.99Nc < N < 1.01Nc. On the other hand, the same critical behavior, μ ≈ 1, was found for the K = 0.32 series in much larger region 0.25Nc < N < 2ANc. This finding suggests that the μ ≈ 1 critical behavior observed for the nominally uncompensated series in the extremely narrow region is due to the presence of the self-compensation of acceptors by native defects and/or technologically unavoidable very small amount of doping compensation (K < 0.001). Therefore, the width of the concentration that can be fitted with μ ≈ 1 around N c is likely to scale with the degree of compensation (K), and disappears in the limit K → 0, i.e., only the region with the anomalous exponent μ ≈ 0.5 remains for the case of K = 0. An externally applied magnetic field to nominally uncompensated samples also broadens the width of μ ≈ 1 around Nc, but with a mechanism clearly different from that of compensation. The unified description of our experimental results unambiguously establishes the values of the critical exponents μ, ν, and ζ for doped semiconductors with and without compensation and magnetic field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-183
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Doped semiconductor
  • Hopping conduction
  • Metal-insulator transition
  • Mott-Anderson transition
  • Scaling theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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