Comprehensive risk analysis of postoperative complications in patients with rheumatoid arthritis for the 2020 update of the Japan College of Rheumatology clinical practice guidelines for the management of rheumatoid arthritis

Hiromu Ito, Koichi Murata, Yasumori Sobue, Toshihisa Kojima, Keiichiro Nishida, Isao Matsushita, Yutaka Kawahito, Masayo Kojima, Shintaro Hirata, Yuko Kaneko, Mitsumasa Kishimoto, Masataka Kohno, Masaaki Mori, Akio Morinobu, Atsuko Murashima, Yohei Seto, Takahiko Sugihara, Eiichi Tanaka, Takeo Nakayama, Masayoshi Harigai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the risk factors of surgical site infection (SSI), delayed wound healing, and death after orthopedic surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: We identified articles indexed in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Japan Centra Revuo Medicina Web published from 2013 to 2019 and other articles. Articles fulfilling the predefined inclusion criteria were reviewed systematically and their quality was appraised according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system with some modifications. Results: After inclusion and exclusion by full-text review, 29 articles were analyzed. Use of biological disease modifying antirheumatic drugs was a risk factor of SSI (risk ratio 1.66, 95% confidence interval 1.25–2.19), but not of delayed wound healing. RA itself was a risk factor of SSI, and oral glucocorticoid use was a risk factor of SSI in three of the four studies analyzed and of postoperative death. Age, male sex, comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, surgical factors such as foot/ankle and spine surgery and longer operative time were risk factors of those postoperative complications. Conclusion: Patients with those factors should be dealt with appropriate cautions to strike a risk–benefit balance of orthopedic surgeries.

Original languageEnglish
JournalModern rheumatology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Rheumatoid arthritis; systematic review; postoperative complication; biological agent; surgical site infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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