Computational fluid dynamic analysis of a marine hydrokinetic crossflow turbine in low Reynolds number flow

Minh N. Doan, Ivan H. Alayeto, Kana Kumazawa, Shinnosuke Obi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study focuses on surveying different turbulence models and dynamic mesh techniques to simulate a marine hydrokinetic (MHK) crossflow turbine at Rec ˜ 7,000. While several research projects have shown that studies of MHK devices in low Re flow could still yield interesting and significant results, existing computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations were conducted at the chord based Re of 105 ~ 106. The wake and power production of a laboratory-scaled MHK crossflow turbine were numerically simulated and compared with relevant experimental data. The vertical axis turbine operated in a small flume with 20% blockage ratio and was fabricated by mounting three NACA0012 (2.54 cm chord length) straight blades at a radius of 3.41 cm and 15? pitch angle. Within OpenFOAM environment, blade-resolved models were built with Spalart-Allmaras, k-omega shear stress transport (SST), and k-kl-omega unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes simulation (URANS) in both two and three dimensions. Results from each model were compared with the experimental power measurement and flow field obtained by monoscopic particle image velocimetry (2D PIV). Additionally, four different techniques for moving the solid boundaries (turbine blades) in the unsteady simulation were presented and compared in terms of solution consistency and required computational power. Overset mesh, time-deforming mesh, and moving immersed boundary are all available in this open source environment, beside the common rotating mesh technique, and possess the potential to be applied to a more complicated configuration of turbines.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational Fluid Dynamics
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791859032
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
EventASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2019 Jul 282019 Aug 1

Publication series

NameASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019
Volume2

Conference

ConferenceASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period19/7/2819/8/1

Fingerprint

Dynamic analysis
Computational fluid dynamics
Reynolds number
Turbines
Surveying
Mountings
Turbulence models
Velocity measurement
Turbomachine blades
Shear stress
Flow fields
Computer simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Doan, M. N., Alayeto, I. H., Kumazawa, K., & Obi, S. (2019). Computational fluid dynamic analysis of a marine hydrokinetic crossflow turbine in low Reynolds number flow. In Computational Fluid Dynamics (ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019; Vol. 2). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/AJKFluids2019-4698

Computational fluid dynamic analysis of a marine hydrokinetic crossflow turbine in low Reynolds number flow. / Doan, Minh N.; Alayeto, Ivan H.; Kumazawa, Kana; Obi, Shinnosuke.

Computational Fluid Dynamics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2019. (ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Doan, MN, Alayeto, IH, Kumazawa, K & Obi, S 2019, Computational fluid dynamic analysis of a marine hydrokinetic crossflow turbine in low Reynolds number flow. in Computational Fluid Dynamics. ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019, vol. 2, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019, San Francisco, United States, 19/7/28. https://doi.org/10.1115/AJKFluids2019-4698
Doan MN, Alayeto IH, Kumazawa K, Obi S. Computational fluid dynamic analysis of a marine hydrokinetic crossflow turbine in low Reynolds number flow. In Computational Fluid Dynamics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2019. (ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019). https://doi.org/10.1115/AJKFluids2019-4698
Doan, Minh N. ; Alayeto, Ivan H. ; Kumazawa, Kana ; Obi, Shinnosuke. / Computational fluid dynamic analysis of a marine hydrokinetic crossflow turbine in low Reynolds number flow. Computational Fluid Dynamics. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2019. (ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJKFluids 2019).
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