Concurrent validity and measurement error of stair climb test in people with pre-radiographic to mild knee osteoarthritis

Hirotaka Iijima, Kanako Shimoura, Ryo Eguchi, Tomoki Aoyama, Masaki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Stair climbing is the task first affected in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA); therefore, the precise measurement of time required to climb stairs is important to identify mobility limitations, particularly in the early phase of knee OA. Research question: This study aimed to examine the test-retest reliability, measurement error, and concurrent validity of the stopwatch-based stair-climb test (SCT) in adults with pre-radiographic to mild knee OA. Methods: Fifty-nine participants (mean age, 59.1 [range, 50–69] years; 72.9% female) with Kellgren and Lawrence grade ≤2 disease underwent an 11-step SCT (11-SCT) in accordance with the Osteoarthritis Research Society International recommended method while wearing pressure sensor-mounted standard shoes that is used as a gold standard procedure. Test-retest reliability, measurement errors, and the concurrent validity of the stopwatch-based 11-SCT were evaluated. Results: The test-retest reliability of the stopwatch-based 11-SCT was excellent (intra-class correlation coefficient1,1 [ICC1,1], 0.952; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.560 to 0.985; p < 0.001) and the minimal detectable change95 was 0.102 s. Concurrent validity was excellent (ICC2,1: 0.957; 95% CI: 0.661 to 0.986; p < 0.001). Significance: The stopwatch-based 11-SCT had high test-retest reliability and high concurrent validity, which justify its clinical use for identifying mobility limitations in individuals with pre-radiographic to mild knee OA. A difference of 0.2 s in the stopwatch-based 11-SCT time would be considered a true difference beyond a 95% measurement error.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-339
Number of pages5
JournalGait and Posture
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 1



  • Bland-Altman plot
  • Knee osteoarthritis
  • Stair climb test
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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