Five immortalized brain capillary endothelial cell lines (TM-BBB1-5) were established from 3 transgenic mice harboring temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 large T-antigen gene (Tg mouse). These cell lines expressed active large Tantigen and grew well at 33°C with a doubling time of about 20 to 30 hours. TM-BBBs also grew at 37°C but not at 39°C. However, growth was restored when the temperature of the culture was lowered to 33°C. Although significant amounts of large T-antigen were shown to be present in the cell culture at 33°C, there was less of this complex at 37°C and 39°C. TMBBBs expressed the typical endothelial marker, von Willebrand factor, and exhibited acetylated lowdensity lipoprotein uptake activity. The alkaline phosphatase and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase activity in TM-BBBs were -10% and 50% to 80% of brain capillary fraction of normal mice, respectively. DMannitol transport in the both apical-to-basal and basal-to-apical directions across the TM-BBB was 2-fold greater than for inulin. TM-BBBs were found to express GLUT-1 but not GLUT-3, and exhibited concentration-dependent 3-O-methyl-D-glucose (3-OMG) uptake activity with a Michaelis-Menten constant of 6.59 ± 1.16 mmol/1. Moreover, Pglycoprotein (P-gp) with a molecular weight of-170 kDa was expressed in all TM-BBBs. Both mdr la and mdr 1b mRNA were detected in TM-BBB4 using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT- 7 PCR) analysis. [3H]-Cyclosporin A uptake by TMBBB was significantly increased in the presence of 100 μmol/1 verapamil and vincristine, suggesting that TM-BBB exhibits efflux transport activity via P-gp. In conclusion, conditional brain capillary endothelial cell lines were established from Tg mice. This cell line expresses endothelial markers and transporters at the BBB and is able to regulate cell growth, due to the amount of active large T-antigen in the cell, by changing the culture temperature.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Dec 1|
- Blood-Brain Barrier
- Mouse Brain Capillary Endothelial Cell Line
- Temperature-Dependent Cell Growth
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science