Conformational transition of DnaA protein by ATP: Structural analysis of DnaA protein, the initiator of Escherichia coli chromosome replication

Toshio Kubota, Tsutomu Katayama, Yuji Ito, Tohru Mizushima, Kazuhisa Sekimizu

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DnaA protein binds to the chromosomal origin (oriC) to initiate DNA replication. We developed an efficient system for purification of DnaA protein which will facilitate physicochemical analysis of the protein. The yield of DnaA protein was increased at least 6-fold compared to an available method being used, and over 22 mg of the protein were obtained from only 100 g of cells. DnaA protein purified by this procedure showed an indistinguishable affinity for ATP, and activity for in vitro replication of oriC plasmid. The process of denaturation of DnaA protein, which was blocked by ATP, was monitored by intrinsic fluorescence and circular dichroism. Analysis of circular dichroism revealed that DnaA protein is rich in α-helices, and that ATP-binding leads to a significant transition of protein conformation in that the content of α-helices is decreased. This is the first evidence indicating that ATP-binding profoundly affects conformation of DnaA protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-135
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Mar 6


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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