Conformity to the neighborhood modifies the association between recreational walking and social norms among middle-aged Japanese people

Chika Tanaka, Takashi Naruse, Atsuko Taguchi, Satoko Nagata, Azusa Arimoto, Yuki Ohashi, Sachiyo Murashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: Recreational walking benefits the health of the middle-aged population. Social norms might generate an intention–behavior gap, the state of people forming adequate intentions but failing to translate these intentions into action. People living in a community where the neighbors conform to the average behaviors of those who live in the neighborhood might restrict behaviors that stray from the neighborhood's social norms. This cross-sectional study was conducted in order to examine whether the degree of conformity to the neighbors modified the association between social norms and recreational walking among middle-aged adults in Japan. Methods: Using a questionnaire, data were collected from 730 participants in Japan. Among those who intended to recreationally walk, a multiple logistic regression was carried out separately for the participants with a high or low degree of conformity to the neighborhood social norms. Results: Of the total number of respondents, 511 (70%) reported recreational walking intentions. The descriptive norm was significantly associated with recreational walking only among the participants with a high degree of conformity. In contrast, there was no such association among the participants with a low degree of conformity. Conclusion: The results confirmed that people who live in a community where people tend to conform translated walking intentions into action when they saw their neighbors walk recreationally. Public health nurses should evaluate the degree of conformity in neighborhoods and neighbors’ descriptive norms when promoting walking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-465
Number of pages15
JournalJapan Journal of Nursing Science
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Walking
Japan
Public Health Nurses
Insurance Benefits
Social Norms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • intention–behavior gap
  • physical activity
  • social conformity
  • social environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory

Cite this

Conformity to the neighborhood modifies the association between recreational walking and social norms among middle-aged Japanese people. / Tanaka, Chika; Naruse, Takashi; Taguchi, Atsuko; Nagata, Satoko; Arimoto, Azusa; Ohashi, Yuki; Murashima, Sachiyo.

In: Japan Journal of Nursing Science, Vol. 13, No. 4, 01.10.2016, p. 451-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanaka, Chika ; Naruse, Takashi ; Taguchi, Atsuko ; Nagata, Satoko ; Arimoto, Azusa ; Ohashi, Yuki ; Murashima, Sachiyo. / Conformity to the neighborhood modifies the association between recreational walking and social norms among middle-aged Japanese people. In: Japan Journal of Nursing Science. 2016 ; Vol. 13, No. 4. pp. 451-465.
@article{d315c35331d74c1986e1b350621e0636,
title = "Conformity to the neighborhood modifies the association between recreational walking and social norms among middle-aged Japanese people",
abstract = "Aim: Recreational walking benefits the health of the middle-aged population. Social norms might generate an intention–behavior gap, the state of people forming adequate intentions but failing to translate these intentions into action. People living in a community where the neighbors conform to the average behaviors of those who live in the neighborhood might restrict behaviors that stray from the neighborhood's social norms. This cross-sectional study was conducted in order to examine whether the degree of conformity to the neighbors modified the association between social norms and recreational walking among middle-aged adults in Japan. Methods: Using a questionnaire, data were collected from 730 participants in Japan. Among those who intended to recreationally walk, a multiple logistic regression was carried out separately for the participants with a high or low degree of conformity to the neighborhood social norms. Results: Of the total number of respondents, 511 (70{\%}) reported recreational walking intentions. The descriptive norm was significantly associated with recreational walking only among the participants with a high degree of conformity. In contrast, there was no such association among the participants with a low degree of conformity. Conclusion: The results confirmed that people who live in a community where people tend to conform translated walking intentions into action when they saw their neighbors walk recreationally. Public health nurses should evaluate the degree of conformity in neighborhoods and neighbors’ descriptive norms when promoting walking.",
keywords = "intention–behavior gap, physical activity, social conformity, social environment",
author = "Chika Tanaka and Takashi Naruse and Atsuko Taguchi and Satoko Nagata and Azusa Arimoto and Yuki Ohashi and Sachiyo Murashima",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jjns.12126",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "451--465",
journal = "Japan Journal of Nursing Science",
issn = "1742-7932",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Asia",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conformity to the neighborhood modifies the association between recreational walking and social norms among middle-aged Japanese people

AU - Tanaka, Chika

AU - Naruse, Takashi

AU - Taguchi, Atsuko

AU - Nagata, Satoko

AU - Arimoto, Azusa

AU - Ohashi, Yuki

AU - Murashima, Sachiyo

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - Aim: Recreational walking benefits the health of the middle-aged population. Social norms might generate an intention–behavior gap, the state of people forming adequate intentions but failing to translate these intentions into action. People living in a community where the neighbors conform to the average behaviors of those who live in the neighborhood might restrict behaviors that stray from the neighborhood's social norms. This cross-sectional study was conducted in order to examine whether the degree of conformity to the neighbors modified the association between social norms and recreational walking among middle-aged adults in Japan. Methods: Using a questionnaire, data were collected from 730 participants in Japan. Among those who intended to recreationally walk, a multiple logistic regression was carried out separately for the participants with a high or low degree of conformity to the neighborhood social norms. Results: Of the total number of respondents, 511 (70%) reported recreational walking intentions. The descriptive norm was significantly associated with recreational walking only among the participants with a high degree of conformity. In contrast, there was no such association among the participants with a low degree of conformity. Conclusion: The results confirmed that people who live in a community where people tend to conform translated walking intentions into action when they saw their neighbors walk recreationally. Public health nurses should evaluate the degree of conformity in neighborhoods and neighbors’ descriptive norms when promoting walking.

AB - Aim: Recreational walking benefits the health of the middle-aged population. Social norms might generate an intention–behavior gap, the state of people forming adequate intentions but failing to translate these intentions into action. People living in a community where the neighbors conform to the average behaviors of those who live in the neighborhood might restrict behaviors that stray from the neighborhood's social norms. This cross-sectional study was conducted in order to examine whether the degree of conformity to the neighbors modified the association between social norms and recreational walking among middle-aged adults in Japan. Methods: Using a questionnaire, data were collected from 730 participants in Japan. Among those who intended to recreationally walk, a multiple logistic regression was carried out separately for the participants with a high or low degree of conformity to the neighborhood social norms. Results: Of the total number of respondents, 511 (70%) reported recreational walking intentions. The descriptive norm was significantly associated with recreational walking only among the participants with a high degree of conformity. In contrast, there was no such association among the participants with a low degree of conformity. Conclusion: The results confirmed that people who live in a community where people tend to conform translated walking intentions into action when they saw their neighbors walk recreationally. Public health nurses should evaluate the degree of conformity in neighborhoods and neighbors’ descriptive norms when promoting walking.

KW - intention–behavior gap

KW - physical activity

KW - social conformity

KW - social environment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84971373111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84971373111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jjns.12126

DO - 10.1111/jjns.12126

M3 - Article

C2 - 27237017

AN - SCOPUS:84971373111

VL - 13

SP - 451

EP - 465

JO - Japan Journal of Nursing Science

JF - Japan Journal of Nursing Science

SN - 1742-7932

IS - 4

ER -