We investigate the center-of-mass momentum distribution nQ of Cooper pairs and their first-order correlation function g1(r) in a strongly interacting two-dimensional Fermi gas. Recently, the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition was reported in a two-dimensional Li6 Fermi gas, based on (1) the observations of anomalous enhancement of nQ=0 [Ries, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 230401 (2015)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.114.230401], as well as (2) a power-law behavior of g1(r) [Murthy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 010401 (2015)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.115.010401]. However, including pairing fluctuations within a T-matrix approximation (TMA), we show that these results can still be explained as strong-coupling properties of a normal-state two-dimensional Fermi gas. Our results indicate the importance of further experimental observations, to definitely confirm the realization of the BKT transition in this system. Since the BKT transition has been realized in a two-dimensional ultracold Bose gas, our results would be useful for the achievement of this quasi-long-range order in an ultracold Fermi gas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics