Cooperative regulation for Okazaki fragment processing by RNase HII and FEN-1 purified from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus

Asako Sato, Akio Kanai, Mitsuhiro Itaya, Masaru Tomita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A reconstitution system that recapitulates the processing of Okazaki-primer RNA was established by the heat-stable recombinant enzymes RNase HII and FEN-1 (termed Pf-RNase HII and Pf-FEN-1, respectively) prepared from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus. A 35-mer RNA-DNA/DNA hybrid substrate mimicking an Okazaki fragment was used to investigate the properties of the processing reaction in vitro at 50°C. Pf-RNase HII endonucleolytically cleaves the RNA primer region, but does not cut the junction between RNA and DNA. Removal of the RNA of the RNA-DNA junction was brought about by Pf-FEN-1 after Pf-RNase HII digestion. In the presence of 0.25-5mM MnCl2, Pf-FEN-1 alone weakly cleaved the junction. The addition of Pf-RNase HII to the reaction mixture increased removal efficiency and optimal Pf-FEN-1 activity was achieved at an equal amount of the two enzymes. These results indicate that there are at least two steps in the degradation of primer RNA requiring a step-specific enzyme. It is likely that Pf-RNase HII and Pf-FEN-1 cooperatively process Okazaki fragment during lagging-strand DNA replication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-252
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume309
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Sep 12

Fingerprint

Flap Endonucleases
Pyrococcus furiosus
Archaea
Processing
RNA
DNA
Enzymes
RNA Stability
DNA Replication
Okazaki fragments
ribonuclease HII
Digestion
Hot Temperature
Degradation
Substrates

Keywords

  • Archaea
  • FEN-1
  • Okazaki fragment
  • P. furiosus
  • RNase H

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Cooperative regulation for Okazaki fragment processing by RNase HII and FEN-1 purified from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus",
abstract = "A reconstitution system that recapitulates the processing of Okazaki-primer RNA was established by the heat-stable recombinant enzymes RNase HII and FEN-1 (termed Pf-RNase HII and Pf-FEN-1, respectively) prepared from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus. A 35-mer RNA-DNA/DNA hybrid substrate mimicking an Okazaki fragment was used to investigate the properties of the processing reaction in vitro at 50°C. Pf-RNase HII endonucleolytically cleaves the RNA primer region, but does not cut the junction between RNA and DNA. Removal of the RNA of the RNA-DNA junction was brought about by Pf-FEN-1 after Pf-RNase HII digestion. In the presence of 0.25-5mM MnCl2, Pf-FEN-1 alone weakly cleaved the junction. The addition of Pf-RNase HII to the reaction mixture increased removal efficiency and optimal Pf-FEN-1 activity was achieved at an equal amount of the two enzymes. These results indicate that there are at least two steps in the degradation of primer RNA requiring a step-specific enzyme. It is likely that Pf-RNase HII and Pf-FEN-1 cooperatively process Okazaki fragment during lagging-strand DNA replication.",
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T1 - Cooperative regulation for Okazaki fragment processing by RNase HII and FEN-1 purified from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus

AU - Sato, Asako

AU - Kanai, Akio

AU - Itaya, Mitsuhiro

AU - Tomita, Masaru

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