Copolymers of methyl methacrylate and fluoroalkyl methacrylates: Effects of fluoroalkyl groups on the thermal and optical properties of the copolymers

Dingying Zhou, Hongxiang Teng, Koutarou Koike, Yasuhiro Koike, Yoshiyuki Okamoto

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Fluoroalkyl methacrylates, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (1), hexafluoroisopropyl methacrylate (2), 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-methyl-2-propyl methacrylate (3), and perfluoro t-butyl methacrylate (4) were synthesized. Homopolymers and copolymers of these fluoroalkyl methacrylates with methyl methacrylate (MMA) were prepared and characterized. With the exception of the copolymers of MMA and 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (1), the glass transition temperatures (Tgs) of the copolymers were found to deviate positively from the Gordon-Taylor equation. The positive deviation from the Gordon-Taylor equation could be accounted for by the dipole-dipole intrachain interaction between the methyl ester group and the fluoroalkyl ester group of the monomer units. These Tg values of the copolymers were found to fit with the Schneider equation. The fitting parameters in the Schneider equation were calculated, and R2 values, the coefficients of determination, were almost 1.0. The refractive indices of the copolymers, measured at 532, 633, and 839 nm wavelengths, were lower than that of PMMA and showed a linear relationship with monomer composition in the copolymers. 2 and MMA have a tendency to polymerize in an alternating uniform monomer composition, resulting in less light scattering. This result suggests that the copolymer prepared with an equal molar ratio of 2 and MMA may have useful properties with applications in optical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4748-4755
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul 15



  • Copolymerization
  • Dipole-dipole interaction
  • Fluoroalkyl methacrylate
  • Light scattering
  • Radical polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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