Correlates of retrospective early life experience with personality in young Japanese women

Toshinori Kitamura, Nobuhiko Kijima, Eriko Tanaka, Atsuko Tomoda, Shinji Sakamoto, Noboru Iwata

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4 Citations (Scopus)


To examine the influence of early experiences on the development of personality, we used the Temperament and Character Inventory to assess 98 young women who had first entered a company. Different early experiences were linked, albeit weakly, to test scores. Both partial correlations and multiple regression analyses indicated that Self-directedness was higher if women reported more care of parents. Partial correlation, but not multiple regression analyses, showed that Cooperativeness was greater if women reported more care of parents and less frequent abuse. Reports of early parental loss or negative or positive early life events showed no correlation with scores on any of the Temperament and Character Inventory subscales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-274
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Aug


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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