Correlation between laminin-5 γ2 chain expression and epidermal growth factor receptor expression and its clinicopathological significance in squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue

Kazuhide Katoh, Yukihiro Nakanishi, Shingo Akimoto, Kimio Yoshimura, Minoru Takagi, Michiie Sakamoto, Setsuo Hirohashi

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46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent investigations have revealed that growth factors may influence the invasive activity of tumor cells. Expression of laminin-5 γ2 chain (LN-5 γ2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue in 104 patients with stage II, III, and IVA, B (excluding the cases with distant metastasis) was examined immunohistochemically to determine the correlation between the two molecules and the associations with the clinicopathological features of each tumor. LN-5 γ2 expression was clearly demonstrated in the cytoplasm and EGFR in the cell membranes of cancer cells. A significant increase in positivity for LN-5 γ2 was observed in tumors showing poor differentiation (p < 0.001), infiltrative growth (p < 0.001), and deep invasion (p = 0.038). In a multivariate analysis, increased positivity for LN-5 γ2 was an independent predictor of an unfavorable outcome (p < 0.001). A significant increase in positivity for EGFR was observed in tumors showing infiltrative growth (p = 0.032) and poor prognosis (p = 0.008). The LN-5 γ2 expression was correlated significantly with EGFR expression (p < 0.001). Patients with tumor positivity for both molecules showed the worst prognosis (p < 0.001). LN-5 γ2 overexpression and EGFR overexpression is evident in tumors showing infiltrative growth, suggesting that EGFR may influence the invasive activity of tumor cells through overexpression of LN-5 γ2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-326
Number of pages9
JournalOncology
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Aug 31

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Keywords

  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Laminin-5 γ2 chain
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Tongue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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