Correlation between voriconazole trough plasma concentration and hepatotoxicity in patients with different CYP2C19 genotypes

Kazuaki Matsumoto, Kazuro Ikawa, Kazuko Abematsu, Naoko Fukunaga, Kentaro Nishida, Tomohide Fukamizu, Yoshihiro Shimodozono, Norifumi Morikawa, Yasuo Takeda, Katsushi Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Voriconazole metabolism is mostly mediated via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 isozyme. The non-wild (mutant) type of CYP2C19 is generally found in 60-70% of Asian populations. Because the voriconazole trough plasma concentration has been reported to correlate with hepatotoxicity, this study investigated the effect of CYP2C19 polymorphism on the relationship between voriconazole trough concentrations and liver function abnormalities in 29 Japanese patients with fungal infections (CYP2C19 wild-type, n = 10; non-wild-type, n = 19). Hepatotoxicity, defined as liver enzyme abnormality according to the National Cancer Institute criteria, was observed in 10 (34.5%) of 29 patients with a trough concentration ≥3.9 mg/L. Logistic regression analysis suggested that the therapeutic range for the voriconazole trough concentration should be 2-4 mg/L. Non-linear pharmacokinetic analysis suggested that voriconazole therapy should be initiated with a dose of 7.2-8.9 mg/kg/day for CYP2C19 wild-type and 4.4-6.5 mg/kg/day for the non-wild-type in Japanese patients. These recommended initial dosages and subsequent dose adjustment for the target concentration range by therapeutic drug monitoring should avoid adverse events and thus enable continued effective voriconazole therapy for Japanese patients with mycoses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-94
Number of pages4
JournalInternational journal of antimicrobial agents
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CYP2C19 polymorphism
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Michaelis-Menten model
  • Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Voriconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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