Accurate frequencies of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) have not been determined for laterally spreading tumors (LSTs) and other flat-type colorectal adenomas, and the role of JC virus T-antigen (T-Ag) in these tumors is unclear. We used MethyLight assay to analyze the relationship between CIMP status and clinicopathologic characteristics in tissue from 72 LST of granular-type (LST-G), 35 LST of nongranular-type (LST-NG), 54 protruded-type adenomas, and 89 colorectal cancers. We also investigated the relationship between CIMP status and T-Ag by immunohistochemistry. With the use of 5 markers for CIMP status, tumors were classified as CIMP-high (≥4/5 methylated promoters), CIMP-low (1/5 to 3/5 methylated promoters), or CIMP-0 (no methylated promoters). The proportion classified as CIMP-0 status was 5.6% for protruded-type adenoma, 17.1% for LST-NG, and 29.2% for LST-G (LST-G versus protruded-type adenoma, P = .001). CIMP-low status was established for 62.5% of LST-G, 74.3% of LST-NG, and 81.5% of protruded-type adenomas. CIMP-high status was established for 8.3% of LST-G, 8.6% of LST-NG, and 12.9% of protruded-type adenomas. The proportions of CIMP-low and CIMP-high status were not significantly different between the 3 groups. Multiple logistic analysis showed that LST-G appearance was the only significant factor for identifying CIMP-0 status. BRAF mutation was the only significant factor for identifying CIMP-high status. T-Ag expression increased with CIMP status and was not associated with macroscopic appearance. In conclusion, among colorectal adenomas, CIMP-high status was determined by BRAF mutation and not by macroscopic type, unlike CIMP-0. JC virus T-Ag may be important in determining methylator phenotype.
- Colorectal adenoma
- JC virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine