Costal osteochondral autograft for advanced osteochondritis dissecans of the humeral capitellum in adolescent and young adult athletes clinical outcomes with a mean follow-up of 4.8 years

Kazuki Satou, Takuji Iwamoto, Noboru Matsumura, Taku Suzuki, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yoshinori Oka, Toshiyasu Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Costal osteochondral grafting is a technique to achieve anatomical and biological repair of articular defects. Some small series of clinical applications of this procedure for advanced osteochondritis dissecans of the humeral capitellum, with short-term follow-up, have been reported; however, longer-term outcomes remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to clarify longer-term clinical outcomes of costal osteochondral autografts in the treatment of advanced osteochondritis dissecans of the humeral capitellum. Methods: Seventy-two patients with an osteochondral defect of the humeral capitellum were treated with costal osteochondral autograft and followed for a minimum of 3 years (mean follow-up, 57 months; range, 36 to 147 months). The mean patient age was 14.3 years. Clinical outcomes, including elbow range of motion, Timmerman and Andrews clinical rating score, donor-site morbidity, responses to a questionnaire regarding a return to sporting activities, and radiographic findings, were evaluated. Results: The mean elbow range of extension/flexion increased significantly, from 221/122 preoperatively to 24/ 136 postoperatively (p < 0.001). The mean clinical rating score improved significantly, from 101 to 190 by the latest follow-up (p < 0.001). The overall clinical score-based assessment was excellent for 60 patients, good for 9, and fair for 3. Seventy of the 72 patients returned to their original sport. The remaining 2 patients had changed sporting activities before surgery and did not return to baseball, despite satisfactory clinical results. Conclusions: Costal osteochondral autograft successfully achieved anatomical and biological reconstruction in the treatment of advanced osteochondritis dissecans of the humeral capitellum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)903-913
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume
Volume100
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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