Crack-tip stress field of fully circumferential surface cracked pipe under combined tension and thermal loads

Jin Ho Je, Dong Jun Kim, Yun Jae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Under excessive plasticity, the fracture toughness of a material depends on its size and geometry. Under fully yielded conditions, the stresses in a material near its crack tip are not unique but rather depend on the geometry. Therefore, the single-parameter J-approach is limited to a high-constraint crack geometry. The JQ theory has been proposed for establishing the crack geometry constraints. This approach assumes that the crack-tip fields have two degrees of freedom. In this study, the crack-tip stress field of a fully circumferential surface-cracked pipe under combined loads is investigated on the basis of the JQ theory by using finite element analysis. The combined loads are a tensile axial force and the thermal gradient in the radial direction. Q-stresses of the crack geometry and its loading state are used to determine the constraint effects. The constraint effects of secondary loading are found to be greater than those of primary loading. Therefore, thermal shock is believed to be the most severe loading condition of constraint effects

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1207-1214
Number of pages8
JournalTransactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers, A
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Combined loads
  • Constraint effect
  • Crack-tip
  • FE analysis
  • Pipe
  • Q-stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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