Posterior spinal fusion in patients less than 10 years of age and Risser stage 0, may result in crankshaft phenomenon. Other factors associated with crankshaft phenomena include rotational changes, increased lateral trunk shift, apical rib-vertebral angle, and changes in rib deformity. Crankshaft phenomena can be prevented by an intervertebral anterior spinal fusion in selected cases.
|Title of host publication||The Growing Spine|
|Subtitle of host publication||Management of Spinal Disorders in Young Children|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Dec 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas