Creation of fine grained-layer and high hardness-layer using IH-FPP treatment system and its effect on the fatigue properties of steel

Tsubasa Harada, Shoichi Kikuchi, Jun Komotori, Kengo Fukazawa, Yoshitaka Misaka, Kazuhiro Kawasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In order to improve the fatigue properties of SCM435H steel, a surface treatment system was developed that combines high-frequency induction heating (IH) with fine particle peening (FPP). In this IH-FPP system, a compressed air spray from the FPP nozzle rapidly cools the specimen surface, which is pre-heated by the IH system. The specimen surface can be simultaneously modified by plastic deformation and quenching. The IH-FPP process was performed at temperatures ranging from 400-750°C. Vickers hardness and residual stress distributions were measured in order to examine the characteristics of the surface-modified layer created by the developed process. Surface microstructures were also observed using an optical microscope. As a result, the developed processes from 650-750°C created a surface with a high hardness and an extremely fine-grained microstructure. The fine-grained microstructure was created due to dynamic recrystallization. In order to clarify the effects of the IH-FPP treatment on fatigue strength of notched SCM435H steel with a stress concentration factor of K t =2.36, fatigue tests were performed at room temperature using a rotational bending fatigue testing machine. The specimen treated by IH-FPP process at 700°C exhibited the highest fatigue strength. This was because micro crack initiation and propagation were inhibited by the surface modified layer with high hardness and fine-grain. This result suggests that the IH-FPP treatment process is highly effective in improving the fatigue strength of steel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1096
Number of pages6
JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec


  • Dynamic recrystallization
  • Fatigue
  • Hardness
  • Induction heating
  • Peening
  • Residual stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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