Background: The current survey aimed to describe the clinical features of critical infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) and the implications of recent treatments. Materials and Methods: A nationwide survey of critical IHH patients treated between 2005 and 2010 was performed in all 117 registered pediatric surgical hospitals in Japan. As a result, 19 patients were identified and reviewed using a statistical analysis. Results: Abdominal distention (47.4%), high-output cardiac failure (47.4%), coagulopathy (42.1%), and respiratory distress (31.6%) were the major symptoms. Three patients died (1 of coagulopathy, 1 of cardiac failure, and 1 of both). An accompanying portovenous shunt was also highlighted. Infantile hepatic hemangioma was totally insensitive to steroid treatment in 3 (23.1%) of the 13 patients, and 9 (47.4%) of the 19 patients required other treatments. Surgical resection and β-blocker improved the hematologic data, whereas hepatic arterial ligation and embolization seemed to produce a limited effect. Among the dead patients, several hematologic parameters were significantly worse: the thrombocyte count (pretherapeutic: 73 000 vs 300 000/mm 3, dead vs survivor, respectively [P <.03]; posttherapeutic: 66 000 vs 388 700/mm 3 [P <.003]) and the prothrombin time (posttherapeutic, 35.0 vs 12.1 seconds [P <.0001], dead vs survivor, respectively). Conclusion: For critical IHH cases with steroid-insensitive hematologic disorders, alternative treatments including β-blocker therapy, surgery, and liver transplantation should be considered.
- Infantile hepatic hemangioma
- Liver transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health