Cross-sectional area of posterior extensor muscles of the cervical spine in asymptomatic subjects: A 10-year longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study

Eijiro Okada, Morio Matsumoto, Daisuke Ichihara, Kazuhiro Chiba, Yoshiaki Toyama, Hirokazu Fujiwara, Suketaka Momoshima, Yuji Nishiwaki, Takeshi Takahata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There has been no prospective study on agerelated changes of the extensor muscles of the cervical spine in healthy subjects. This study was conducted to elucidate any association between the changes in cross-sectional area of the extensor muscles of the cervical spine on MRIs and cervical disc degeneration or the development of clinical symptoms. Sixty-two subjects who underwent MR imaging by a 1.5-Tesla machine between 1993 and 1996 as asymptomatic volunteers in a previous study were recruited again 10 years later for this follow-up study. The mean interval between the studies was 11.0 ± 0.7 years. The cross-sectional areas of the multifidus, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, and splenius capitis at C3-C4, C4-C5, and C5-C6 intervertebral levels were measured on T2-weighted axial images using Image J 1.42. The mean cross-sectional areas of the deep extensor muscles were 1,396.8 ± 337.6 mm 2 at the C3-C4 level, 1,514.7 ± 381.0 mm 2 at the C4-C5 level, and 1,542.8 ± 373.5 mm2 at the C5-C6 level in the previous investigation. The cross-sectional areas were 1,498.7 ± 374.4 mm2 at the C3-C4 level, 1,569.9 ± 390.9 mm 2 at the C4-C5 level, and 1,599.6 ± 364.3 mm 2 at the 10-year follow-up. An increase in the cross-sectional area of the muscles was more frequently observed in subjects in their tens to thirties in the initial study, while a decrease was more frequently observed in those in their forties and older in the initial study. Disc degeneration was not correlated with a change in extensor muscle volume. Development of shoulder stiffness during follow-up was significantly negatively correlated with a change in the cross-sectional area of the deep extensor muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1567-1573
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Asymptomatic subjects
  • Cervical spine
  • Extensor muscle
  • Longitudinal study
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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