Crystal grain size dependence of thermoelectric properties for sintered PbTe by spark plasma sintering technique

S. Yoneda, E. Ohta, H. T. Kaibe, I. Shiota, K. Takahashi, Y. Shinohara, Y. Imai, I. A. Nishida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

Thermal and electrical conduction parameters of the sintered PbTe with different crystal grain sizes Ds were measured over the temperature range from 77 to 350 K, to examine the objective of this study is to examine the possibility of improvement in thermoelectric performance for sintered PbTe by reducing D. The starting powders with particle sizes of 6, 39, 180 and 380 μm were obtained by pulverizing undoped PbTe boule prepared by Bridgman method. Sintering was carried out by spark plasma sintering technique (SPS) under the conditions of sintering temperature of 732-803 K, sintering duration of 60-90 min and sintering pressure of 45 MPa. All the sintered compacts, whose conduction type were p-type, had apparent relative density of more than 99%. Thermal conductivity κ decreased with reducing D below 200 K, while showed no dependence on D above 200 K. Long-wave phonons are scattered efficiently at grain boundaries only below 200 K. Hall mobility μH of the sintered compacts with different Ds were almost same above 200 K. It is concluded that thermoelectric performance for sintered PbTe is not directly affected by controlling D.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Thermoelectrics, ICT, Proceedings
Editors Anon
PublisherIEEE
Pages247-250
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 16th International Conference on Thermoelectrics, ICT'97 - Dresden, Ger
Duration: 1997 Aug 261997 Aug 29

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1997 16th International Conference on Thermoelectrics, ICT'97
CityDresden, Ger
Period97/8/2697/8/29

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Yoneda, S., Ohta, E., Kaibe, H. T., Shiota, I., Takahashi, K., Shinohara, Y., ... Nishida, I. A. (1997). Crystal grain size dependence of thermoelectric properties for sintered PbTe by spark plasma sintering technique. In Anon (Ed.), International Conference on Thermoelectrics, ICT, Proceedings (pp. 247-250). IEEE.