Crystal structure of the starch-binding domain of glucoamylase from Aspergillus Niger

Yousuke Suyama, Norifumi Muraki, Masami Kusunoki, Hideo Miyake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucoamylases are widely used commercially to produce glucose syrup from starch. The starch-binding domain (SBD) of glucoamylase from Aspergillus Niger is a small globular protein containing a disulfide bond. The structure of A. Niger SBD has been determined by NMR, but the conformation surrounding the disulfide bond was unclear. Therefore, X-ray crystal structural analysis was used to attempt to clarify the conformation of this region. The SBD was purified from an Escherichia coli-based expression system and crystallized at 293 K. The initial phase was determined by the molecular-replacement method, and the asymmetric unit of the crystal contained four protomers, two of which were related by a noncrystallographic twofold axis. Finally, the structure was solved at 2.0 Å resolution. The SBD consisted of seven β-strands and eight loops, and the conformation surrounding the disulfide bond was determined from a clear electron-density map. Comparison of X-ray- and NMR-determined structures of the free SBD showed no significant difference in the conformation of each β-strand, but the conformations of the loops containing the disulfide bond and the L5 loop were different. In particular, the difference in the position of the Cα atom of Cys509 between the X-ray- and NMR-determined structures was 13.3 Å. In addition, the B factors of the amino-acid residues surrounding the disulfide bond are higher than those of other residues. Therefore, the conformation surrounding the disulfide bond is suggested to be highly flexible.The crystal structure of the starch-binding domain of glucoamylase shows that the conformation of the region surrounding the disulfide bond is highly flexible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-554
Number of pages5
JournalActa Crystallographica Section F:Structural Biology Communications
Volume73
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aspergillus Niger
  • disulfide bond
  • glucoamylase
  • starch-binding domain
  • β-sheet structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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