Crystalline GeTe-based phase-change alloys: Disorder in order

Milos Krbal, Alexander V. Kolobov, Paul Fons, Junji Tominaga, S. R. Elliott, J. Hegedus, A. Guissani, K. Perumal, R. Calarco, T. Matsunaga, N. Yamada, K. Nitta, T. Uruga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Through the combined use of x-ray absorption and scattering experiments and ab initio simulations, we demonstrate that the metastable cubic phase of GeTe-based phase-change alloys, e.g. Ge 2Sb 2Te 5, is significantly more disordered than is generally believed, with a large number of Ge atoms located off octahedral resonantly bonded sites. The stochastic off-octahedral locations of Ge atoms, that are invisible to Bragg diffraction probing the average structure, lead to disruption of the continuous resonance bonding network of the crystalline phase, resulting in localization of charge carriers. It is proposed that the degree of coherency of local rhombohedral displacements, that may be varied, e.g., by doping, can serve as means to control electrical properties of Ge-Sb-Te alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045212
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume86
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 23
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Krbal, M., Kolobov, A. V., Fons, P., Tominaga, J., Elliott, S. R., Hegedus, J., Guissani, A., Perumal, K., Calarco, R., Matsunaga, T., Yamada, N., Nitta, K., & Uruga, T. (2012). Crystalline GeTe-based phase-change alloys: Disorder in order. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 86(4), [045212]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.86.045212