Current surgical outcomes of congenital heart surgery for patients with down syndrome in Japan

Takaya Hoashi, Norimichi Hirahara, Arata Murakami, Yasutaka Hirata, Hajime Ichikawa, Junjiro Kobayashi, Shinichi Takamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Current surgical outcomes of congenital heart surgery for patients with Down syndrome are unclear. Methods and Results: Of 29,087 operations between 2008 and 2012 registered in the Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCCVSD), 2,651 were carried out for patients with Down syndrome (9%). Of those, 5 major biventricular repair procedures [ventricular septal defect repair (n=752), atrioventricular septal defect repair (n=452), patent ductus arteriosus closure (n=184), atrial septal defect repair (n=167), tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair (n=108)], as well as 2 major single ventricular palliations [bidirectional Glenn (n=21) and Fontan operation (n=25)] were selected and their outcomes were compared. The 90-day and in-hospital mortality rates for all 5 major biventricular repair procedures and bidirectional Glenn were similarly low in patients with Down syndrome compared with patients without Down syndrome. On the other hand, mortality after Fontan operation in patients with Down syndrome was significantly higher than in patients without Down syndrome (42/1,558=2.7% vs. 3/25=12.0%, P=0.005). Conclusions: Although intensive management of pulmonary hypertension is essential, analysis of the JCCVSD revealed favorable early prognostic outcomes after 5 major biventricular procedures and bidirectional Glenn in patients with Down syndrome. Indication of the Fontan operation for patients with Down syndrome should be carefully decided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-408
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Congenital heart surgery
  • Databases
  • Down syndrome
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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