Cyclin D1 antisense oligonucleotide inhibits cell growth stimulated by epidermal growth factor and induces apoptosis of gastric cancer cells

Y. Saikawa, T. Kubota, Y. Otani, M. Kitajima, I. M. Modlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cyclin D1 protein is one of the cell cycle regulators required for cell cycle progression through G1 phase to S phase. The cyclin D1-cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) system is thought to control the cell cycle through mediating extracellular signals from mitogens, such as epidermal growth factor (EGF). In this study, we attempted to examine the therapeutic effect of cyclin D1 antisense oligonucleotides (AS/D1) on cell proliferation and apoptosis of the gastric cancer cell line MKN-74, in the presence and absence of EGF-stimulation. Evaluation of cell survival and DNA synthesis revealed that enhanced cell growth following EGF-stimulation was completely inhibited by a 24 h pre-incubation with 100 nM AS/D1. This inhibition was down to 19.3% compared with maximal DNA synthesis after stimulation with 3 nM EGF alone. Western blotting demonstrated that while EGF-stimulation led to cyclin D1 over-expression, AS/D1 inhibited cyclin D1 protein expression. We also demonstrated the induction of apoptosis in MKN-74 cells by AS/D1. In conclusion, EGF-stimulated MKN-74 cell proliferation was inhibited by AS/D1, which could overcome EGF-induced cyclin D1 over-expression. AS/D1 also affected cell survival by inducing apoptosis through cell cycle arrest following cyclin D1 depletion. Thus, AS/D1 may be a candidate for use as a novel cancer therapy specifically targeted against the over-expression of cyclin D1 enhanced by EGF in malignant cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1102-1109
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Cancer Research
Volume92
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Antisense oligonucleotide
  • Apoptosis
  • Cyclin D1
  • Epidermal growth factor
  • Gastric cancer cell lines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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