An engine cooling concept for cylindrical rotating detonation engine which had an injector surface on the combustor side wall has been tested and demonstrated. Thrust measurement of the cylindrical RDE (24-mm-diameter) was conducted with monitoring K-type thermocouples inserted in combustor wall. Single rotating detonation wave was observed in the testing conditions ranging from 31 to 59 g/s in this study. Combustion tests for 4.0 ~ 4.9 s were successfully done, and all injector side wall temperature increases were suppressed compared to that of combustor base plate, which had no cooling structure. This could be due to the cooling effect by the heat exchange of propellant injection. In the 4.9 s combustion test with 31 g/s, all thermocouples inserted in the combustor side wall which had the propellant injector surface showed a temperature decreasing 2.5 s after ignition even though the combustion was continuing, and implied the combustion mode shift.