Decision support for retrofitting building envelopes using multi-objective optimization under uncertainties

Soowon Chang, Daniel Castro-Lacouture, Yoshiki Yamagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


In the last decade, retrofitting strategies have been reviewed to improve energy efficiency and reduce the environmental impact of existing buildings. One retrofitting strategy consists of innovating building envelopes with the adoption of high-performance materials or systems. Despite the potential performance enhancement, opportunities for new envelopes have been constrained because various envelope options are difficult to be evaluated synthetically. Also, the decisions should consider the optimization of multiple objectives as well as uncertainties. In this respect, this paper aims to support the decision of selecting building envelopes to meet multiple objectives under uncertainties while considering possible envelope options. A multi-objective optimization model is developed considering the existing built form, uncertainties in performance predictions, and incorporating newly developed façade systems. The optimal selection includes emerging materials and technologies that are provided with building envelope renovation options to satisfy indoor thermal comfort, energy balance, environmental emissions, and economic aspects. The decision-support framework is also devised to add any envelope options. This adaptable framework enables decision makers to accommodate new system materials and proactively evaluate their feasibility. The optimization model and framework proposed in this research will contribute to providing a roadmap for transforming existing buildings into smart and sustainable built systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101413
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Adaptable decision support
  • Building envelope retrofits
  • Internet of things
  • Multi-objective optimization
  • Uncertainties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanics of Materials


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