Decreased white matter integrity before the onset of delusions in patients with Alzheimer's disease: Diffusion tensor imaging

Shutaro Nakaaki, Junko Sato, Katsuyoshi Torii, Mizuki Oka, Atsushi Negi, Takashi Nakamae, Jin Narumoto, Jun Miyata, Toshi A. Furukawa, Masaru Mimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The pathology of delusions in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) associated with white matter (WM) abnormalities is poorly understood. In addition, whether the abnormalities in WM integrity that underlie the delusions develop before the onset of the delusions remains unclear. In this study, we used a diffusion tensor imaging approach to examine the existence of baseline abnormalities in WM integrity in AD patients who developed delusions and AD patients who did not develop delusions. Methods: Using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, we identified patients with AD who exhibit delusions during a 1-year period. All the patients underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination at baseline. We conducted fractional anisotropy using tract-based spatial statistics software and compared the results of AD patients who developed delusions with those who did not develop delusions. Results: Compared with the AD patients who did not develop delusions (n = 15), the AD patients who developed delusions (n = 10) exhibited two relatively large clusters and one minimal cluster of significantly lower fractional anisotropy results. The first cluster was located in the left parieto-occipital region and included several fibers: the left inferior longitudinal fasciculus, the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, the posterior corona radiate, and the forceps major of the corpus callosum. The second cluster was located on the body of the corpus callosum. A third minimal cluster was located on the superior temporal gyrus white matter. Conclusion: Abnormalities in WM integrity involving several fibers may be crucial to the development of delusions in AD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-29
Number of pages5
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 21

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • DTI
  • Delusions
  • Tract-based spatial statistics
  • White matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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