In this paper, we propose a novel Deep Reinforcement Learning Evolution Algorithm (DRLEA) method to control the antenna parameters of the High-Altitude Platform Station (HAPS) mobile to reduce the number of low-throughput users. Considering the random movement of the HAPS caused by the winds, the throughput of the users might decrease. Therefore, we propose a method that can dynamically adjust the antenna parameters based on the throughput of the users in the coverage area to reduce the number of low-throughput users by improving the users’ throughput. Different from other model-based reinforcement learning methods, such as the Deep (Formula presented.) Network (DQN), the proposed method combines the Evolution Algorithm (EA) with Reinforcement Learning (RL) to avoid the sub-optimal solutions in each state. Moreover, we consider non-uniform user distribution scenarios, which are common in the real world, rather than ideal uniform user distribution scenarios. To evaluate the proposed method, we do the simulations under four different real user distribution scenarios and compare the proposed method with the conventional EA and RL methods. The simulation results show that the proposed method effectively reduces the number of low throughput users after the HAPS moves.
|Publication status||Published - 2023 Jan|
- antenna control
- evolution algorithm
- reinforcement learning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications