Defects and microstructure of a hydrothermally derived (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 powder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Fine powders of bismuth potassium titanate (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 (BKT) synthesized by hydrothermal reactions have been reported to have good sinterability and high chemical stability against long-time sintering. In this study, detailed chemical and structural characterizations were performed on a hydrothermal BKT powder sample to identify the origin of such properties. The results of X-ray diffraction, infrared transmittance, and diffuse reflectance measurements revealed that the hydrothermal BKT particle contained high concentrations of lattice hydroxyl group and Bi vacancy, whereas the observation by transmission electron microscope showed that its surface was covered with numerous Bi2O3 nanoparticles to achieve the overall stoichiometric cation ratio of BKT. We found that the unique composite nanostructure of the hydrothermal BKT powder led to a large suppression of Bi evaporation during high-temperature sintering, thereby contributing to its superior chemical stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-35
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Asian Ceramic Societies
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Powders
Chemical stability
Defects
Microstructure
Sintering
Bismuth
Reflectometers
Crystal lattices
Hydroxyl Radical
Vacancies
Potassium
Cations
Nanostructures
Evaporation
Electron microscopes
Positive ions
Nanoparticles
Infrared radiation
X ray diffraction
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Bismuth potassium titanate
  • Defect chemistry
  • Hydrothermal reaction
  • Sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Defects and microstructure of a hydrothermally derived (Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 powder. / Hagiwara, Manabu; Ito, Makoto; Fujihara, Shinobu.

In: Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, Vol. 5, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 31-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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