Defensive nymphs and water-repellency in previously unknown galls of the social aphid Colophina monstrifica (Hemiptera: Aphididae: Eriosomatinae)

Keigo Uematsu, Shigeyuki Aoki, Man Miao Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aphid Colophina monstrifica forms woolly colonies with sterile soldiers on the secondary host Clematis uncinata in Taiwan. However, the gall or primary-host generation of C. monstrifica has not been found to date. We successfully induced galls of the species on Zelkova serrata by attaching its eggs to the trees, and also found a few naturally formed galls on another Z. serrata tree. The identity of the aphids was confirmed by examining their mitochondrial DNA sequences. First and second instar nymphs in the galls exhibited attacking behavior toward artificially introduced moth larvae. Observations with a scanning electron microscope revealed that the gall inner surface was densely covered with minute trichomes. This indicates the water repellency of the inner surface, and suggests that young nymphs of C. monstrifica dispose of honeydew globules outside the gall, as known in the congener Colophina clematis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-398
Number of pages8
JournalEntomological Science
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clematis uncinata
  • Zelkova serrata
  • life cycle
  • molecular phylogeny
  • trichome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

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