Demonstration tokamak fusion power plant for early realization of net electric power generation

R. Hiwatari, Kunihiko Okano, Y. Asaoka, K. Shinya, Y. Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A demonstration tokamak fusion power plant Demo-CREST is proposed as the device for early realization of net electric power generation by fusion energy. The plasma configuration for Demo-CREST is optimized to satisfy the electric breakeven condition (the condition for net electric power, Pe net = 0 MW) with the plasma performance of the ITER reference operation mode. This optimization method is considered to be suitable for the design of a demonstration power plant for early realization of net electric power generation, because the demonstration power plant has to ensure the net electric generation. Plasma performance should also be more reliably achieved than in past design studies. For the plasma performance planned in the present ITER programme, net electric power from 0 to 500 MW is possible with Demo-CREST under the following engineering conditions: maximum magnetic field 16 T, thermal efficiency 30%, NBI system efficiency 50% and NBI current drive power restricted to 200 MW. By replacing the blanket system with one of higher thermal efficiency, a net electric power of about 1000 MW is also possible so that the performance of the commercial plant with Demo-CREST can also be studied from the economic point of view. The development path from the experimental reactor 'ITER' to the commercial plant 'CREST' through the demonstration power plant 'Demo-CREST' is proposed as an example of the fast track concept.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-109
Number of pages14
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb
Externally publishedYes

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power plants
electric power
fusion
thermodynamic efficiency
blankets
economics
reactors
engineering
optimization
configurations
magnetic fields
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Demonstration tokamak fusion power plant for early realization of net electric power generation. / Hiwatari, R.; Okano, Kunihiko; Asaoka, Y.; Shinya, K.; Ogawa, Y.

In: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 45, No. 2, 02.2005, p. 96-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hiwatari, R. ; Okano, Kunihiko ; Asaoka, Y. ; Shinya, K. ; Ogawa, Y. / Demonstration tokamak fusion power plant for early realization of net electric power generation. In: Nuclear Fusion. 2005 ; Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 96-109.
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