Deoxyribonucleic Acid Analyses of Five Families with Familial Inherited Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Deficiency

Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Yoshiki Hiraoka, Keita Tatsumi, Tomoko Hashimoto, Jun Ichi Furuyama, Kiyoshi Miyai, Kaoru Nishijo, Mikio Matsuura, Hitoshi Kohno, A. Labbe, Kiyoshi Miyai

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Abstract

Five families with familial inherited TSH deficiency, reported to date, were examined for the TSHβ gene at the nucleotide level. The first family carries a single base substitution in the 29th codon which lies in the so-called CAGYC region; GGA (glycine) is replaced by AGA (arginine). This substitution induces conformational changes of the β-polypeptide which make it unable to associate with the α-subunit. This mutation generates a new cleavage site for a restriction endonuclease Mael, a new marker that can be used for DNA diagnosis. The second and third families were found to carry the same nucleotide substitution. Also, all three families were associated with an additional single base substitution in intron 2 as a polymorphic change, suggesting that these three families may have originated from the same single founder from Shikoku Island in Japan. The nucleotide sequence from the fourth and fifth families showed no alterations in the TSHβ gene from the about –200 basepair up-stream region to the polyadenylation site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792-796
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Oct
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

Hayashizaki, Y., Hiraoka, Y., Tatsumi, K., Hashimoto, T., Furuyama, J. I., Miyai, K., Nishijo, K., Matsuura, M., Kohno, H., Labbe, A., & Miyai, K. (1990). Deoxyribonucleic Acid Analyses of Five Families with Familial Inherited Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Deficiency. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 71(4), 792-796. https://doi.org/10.1210/jcem-71-4-792