Derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells by retroviral gene transduction in mammalian species

Masanori Imamura, Hironobu Okuno, Ikuo Tomioka, Yoshimi Kawamura, Zachary Yu Ching Lin, Ryusuke Nakajima, Wado Akamatsu, Hirotaka James Okano, Yumi Matsuzaki, Erika Sasaki, Hideyuki Okano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pluripotent stem cells can provide us with an enormous cell source for in vitro model systems for development. In 2006, new methodology was designed to generate pluripotent stem cells directly from somatic cells, and these cells were named induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). This method consists of technically simple procedures: donor cell preparation, gene transduction, and isolation of embryonic stem cell-like colonies. The iPSC technology enables cell biologists not only to obtain pluripotent stem cells easily but also to study the reprogramming events themselves. Here, we describe the protocols to generate iPSCs from somatic origins by using conventional viral vectors. Specifically, we state the usage of three mammalian species: mouse, common marmoset, and human. As mouse iPSC donors, fibroblasts are easily prepared, while mesenchymal stem cells are expected to give rise to highly reprogrammed iPSCs efficiently. Common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), a nonhuman primate, represents an alternative model to the usual laboratory animals. Finally, patient-specific human iPSCs give us an opportunity to examine the pathology and mechanisms of dysregulated genomic imprinting. The iPSC technology will serve as a valuable method for studying genomic imprinting, and conversely, the insights from these studies will offer valuable criteria to assess the potential of iPSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGenomic Imprinting
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Protocols
EditorsNora Engel
Pages21-48
Number of pages28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 22

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume925
ISSN (Print)1064-3745

Keywords

  • Cell culture
  • Common marmoset
  • Disease model
  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Epigenetics
  • Genomic imprinting
  • Germ cells
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells
  • Pluripotency
  • Repro-gramming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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  • Cite this

    Imamura, M., Okuno, H., Tomioka, I., Kawamura, Y., Lin, Z. Y. C., Nakajima, R., Akamatsu, W., Okano, H. J., Matsuzaki, Y., Sasaki, E., & Okano, H. (2012). Derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells by retroviral gene transduction in mammalian species. In N. Engel (Ed.), Genomic Imprinting: Methods and Protocols (pp. 21-48). (Methods in Molecular Biology; Vol. 925). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-011-3-2