Expecting a preorganization effect, tripodal anion host molecules were designed and synthesized. It was demonstrated that two kinds of new thiourea derivatives having a six-fold substituted benzene ring as a preorganized spacer were effective for recognition of the tetrahedral dihydrogen phosphate anion. A tripodal fluororeceptor 1 having a pyrene moiety adjacent to the thiourea binding site showed long-wavelength emission upon addition of guest anions in acetonitrile. On the other hand, a tripodal thiourea receptor 2 connected to anthracene groups via methylene units showed a decrease in fluorescence intensity upon addition of anions. In both cases, the degree of the change in emission intensity was in the order of H2PO4 - > CH3COO- > Cl- ≫ ClO4 -, which is clearly different from that of reference compounds having only one binding site. Association constants (Ka) of these tripodal fluororeceptors also confirmed the dihydrogen phosphate selectivity over the more basic acetate anion in this homogeneous solution system. The characteristics of the fluororeceptors using the preorganization effect were shown to be promising for the development of chemical ion sensors with a specific anion selectivity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas