Desktop micro-CT image-based dynamic FEM analysis of stress wave pathways between mandibular trabecular bone and cortical bone with comparisons to virtual models with eliminated materials on pathways

Haruhisa Nakano, Naoki Takano, Koutaro Maki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To a nalyze the biomechanical behavior of human bone, micro-CT image-based static FEM analyse s considering trabecular architecture have been carried out. In the field of dental biomechanics, not only the static analysis but also dynamic analysis against impact load is required. In this paper, a desktop micro-CT was used for the right half of a human mandible with 0.103 mm resolution after dissecting. The lost information by a saw was recovered by the homogenization model. The impact load was applied to the implant in the molar part and the load transfer from the implant to the cortical bone and trabecular bone was considered. The stress wave pathways from the implant to the condyle were analyzed by comparison with virtual FEM models with eliminated materials on pathways. It was revealed that the stress wave transferred from the implant neck and end part to peri-implant trabecular bone played a significant mechanical role. It was also found that the apparent wave speed in the trabecular bone region was as fast as that in the cortical bone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16-00313
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Bone
Finite element method
Biomechanics
Static analysis
Dynamic analysis

Keywords

  • Dental biomechanics
  • FEM
  • Homogenization method
  • Impact load
  • Micro-CT
  • Trabecular bone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Desktop micro-CT image-based dynamic FEM analysis of stress wave pathways between mandibular trabecular bone and cortical bone with comparisons to virtual models with eliminated materials on pathways",
abstract = "To a nalyze the biomechanical behavior of human bone, micro-CT image-based static FEM analyse s considering trabecular architecture have been carried out. In the field of dental biomechanics, not only the static analysis but also dynamic analysis against impact load is required. In this paper, a desktop micro-CT was used for the right half of a human mandible with 0.103 mm resolution after dissecting. The lost information by a saw was recovered by the homogenization model. The impact load was applied to the implant in the molar part and the load transfer from the implant to the cortical bone and trabecular bone was considered. The stress wave pathways from the implant to the condyle were analyzed by comparison with virtual FEM models with eliminated materials on pathways. It was revealed that the stress wave transferred from the implant neck and end part to peri-implant trabecular bone played a significant mechanical role. It was also found that the apparent wave speed in the trabecular bone region was as fast as that in the cortical bone.",
keywords = "Dental biomechanics, FEM, Homogenization method, Impact load, Micro-CT, Trabecular bone",
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AU - Takano, Naoki

AU - Maki, Koutaro

PY - 2016

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N2 - To a nalyze the biomechanical behavior of human bone, micro-CT image-based static FEM analyse s considering trabecular architecture have been carried out. In the field of dental biomechanics, not only the static analysis but also dynamic analysis against impact load is required. In this paper, a desktop micro-CT was used for the right half of a human mandible with 0.103 mm resolution after dissecting. The lost information by a saw was recovered by the homogenization model. The impact load was applied to the implant in the molar part and the load transfer from the implant to the cortical bone and trabecular bone was considered. The stress wave pathways from the implant to the condyle were analyzed by comparison with virtual FEM models with eliminated materials on pathways. It was revealed that the stress wave transferred from the implant neck and end part to peri-implant trabecular bone played a significant mechanical role. It was also found that the apparent wave speed in the trabecular bone region was as fast as that in the cortical bone.

AB - To a nalyze the biomechanical behavior of human bone, micro-CT image-based static FEM analyse s considering trabecular architecture have been carried out. In the field of dental biomechanics, not only the static analysis but also dynamic analysis against impact load is required. In this paper, a desktop micro-CT was used for the right half of a human mandible with 0.103 mm resolution after dissecting. The lost information by a saw was recovered by the homogenization model. The impact load was applied to the implant in the molar part and the load transfer from the implant to the cortical bone and trabecular bone was considered. The stress wave pathways from the implant to the condyle were analyzed by comparison with virtual FEM models with eliminated materials on pathways. It was revealed that the stress wave transferred from the implant neck and end part to peri-implant trabecular bone played a significant mechanical role. It was also found that the apparent wave speed in the trabecular bone region was as fast as that in the cortical bone.

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