Detection of autoantibodies against bullous pemphigoid and pemphigus antigens by an enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay using the bacterial recombinant proteins

Akiko Ide, Takashi Hashimoto, Masayuki Amagai, Masaru Tanaka, Takeji Nishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract To develop a new method to evaluate autoantibodies in various autoimmune bullous skin diseases, we examined reactivity of bullous pemphigoid (BP) and pemphigus vulgaris (PV) patients' sera with partial bacterial fusion proteins of the 230 kD BP antigen (BPAG1) and PV antigen, respectively, by an enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and compared the results with those of immunoblotting. We used two fusion proteins derived from the mouse BPAG1 and a fusion protein derived from the amino‐terminus (EC 1‐2) of PV antigen. For both BP and PV sera, the ELISA scores were well correlated with the reactivities on immunoblot assays. The present study indicates that ELISA using recombinant antigen proteins in various autoimmune bullous skin diseases will be a new useful technique to detect the autoantibodies. However, development of recombinant proteins with the entire molecule and correct conformation will be necessary to establish a perfect ELISA system in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-116
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental Dermatology
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Apr

Keywords

  • ELISA
  • autoantibody
  • bullous pemphigoid
  • immunoblot
  • pemphigus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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