In heterogeneous environments, the diffusivity is not constant but changes with time. It is important to detect changes in the diffusivity from single-particle-tracking trajectories in experiments. Here, we devise a novel method for detecting the transition times of the diffusivity from trajectory data. A key idea of this method is the introduction of a characteristic time scale of the diffusive states, which is obtained by a fluctuation analysis of the time-averaged mean square displacements. We test our method in silico by using the Langevin equation with a fluctuating diffusivity. We show that our method can successfully detect the transition times of diffusive states and obtain the diffusion coefficient as a function of time. This method will provide a quantitative description of the fluctuating diffusivity in heterogeneous environments and can be applied to time series with transitions of states.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics