Determinants of platelet aggregation in 50-70-year-old men from three Japanese communities

Hironori Imano, Hiroyasu Iso, Shinichi Sato, Akihiko Kitamura, Tomonori Okamura, Takeshi Tanigawa, Tetsuya Ohira, Minako Kudo, Yoshihiko Naito, Minoru Iida, Takashi Shimamoto

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Abstract

To investigate the association of lifestyle and constitutional variables with platelet aggregation, we examined the platelet aggregation, serum fatty acid composition, alcohol intake, smoking, and dietary intake of seafood and soybean estimated by a 1-week dietary record in 448 males aged 50-70 in three rural Japanese communities: Ikawa, Akita prefecture (northeast coast), Noichi, Kochi prefecture (southwest coast), and Kyowa, Ibaraki prefecture (central inland). Platelet aggregatory threshold index (PATI) was used to determine the minimum concentration of adenosine 5′-diphosphate (ADP) that caused a non-reversible aggregation of platelets. Intake of seafood and n3-polyunsaturated fatty acid and ingestion of ethanol were higher in the northeast coastal community than in the other two communities. Mean platelet and white blood cell counts were lower in northeast coastal community than in the other two communities. The geometric mean PATI was higher (i.e. platelet aggregation was lower) in the northeast coastal community than the other two communities. Within the entire sample, platelet aggregation correlated inversely with serum level of n3-polyunsaturated fatty acids and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, an index of alcohol consumption, and positively with platelet and white blood cell counts. Platelet aggregation tended to correlate positively with serum arachidonic acid. There was no correlation between smoking and platelet aggregation. Our results suggest that seafood intake and moderate alcohol consumption reduce platelet aggregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume165
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 1

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Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cross-sectional study
  • N3-Polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Platelet aggregation
  • Regional population
  • Risk factors
  • White blood cell counts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Imano, H., Iso, H., Sato, S., Kitamura, A., Okamura, T., Tanigawa, T., Ohira, T., Kudo, M., Naito, Y., Iida, M., & Shimamoto, T. (2002). Determinants of platelet aggregation in 50-70-year-old men from three Japanese communities. Atherosclerosis, 165(2), 327-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9150(02)00248-4