Determination of the standard visual criterion for diagnosing and treating presbyopia according to subjective patient symptoms

Yukari Tsuneyoshi, Sachiko Masui, Hiroyuki Arai, Ikuko Toda, Miyuki Kubota, Shunsuke Kubota, Kazuo Tsubota, Masahiko Ayaki, Kazuno Negishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Presbyopia treatments using various modalities have been developed recently; however, no standard criteria exist for the diagnosis and treatment endpoint. This study assessed the relationship between the near visual acuity (NVA) and the subjective symptoms of phakic presbyopia and determined the numerical NVA threshold to diagnose phakic presbyopia and evaluate the effectiveness of presbyopia treatment. The binocular distance, NVA with habitual correction, and monocular conventional VA were measured. Patients were asked about their awareness of presbyopia and difficulty performing near tasks. This prospective observational study included 70 patients (mean age, 56.0 years; range, 32–77). Most patients became aware of presbyopia in their late forties, although some had difficulty with vision-related near tasks before becoming aware of presbyopia. Eighty three percent of patients (20/24) experienced difficulty with near vision-related tasks even with excellent NVA at 40 cm with habitual correction of 0.0 logMAR (20/20 in Snellen VA). In conclusion, the current study showed that patients became aware of presbyopia in their late forties, although some had difficulty with near vision-related tasks before becoming aware of presbyopia. Further investigation should include the proposal of appropriate diagnostic criteria for presbyopia and better management for patients with presbyopia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3942
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Near visual acuity
  • Presbyopia
  • Standard criterion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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