Development and validation of grade-based prediction models for postoperative morbidity in gastric cancer resection using a Japanese web-based nationwide registry

Yoshio Haga, Hiroaki Miyata, Akira Tsuburaya, Mitsukazu Gotoh, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Hiroyuki Konno, Yasuyuki Seto, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Hideo Baba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Surgery is the mainstay treatment for gastric cancer. There are no prediction models that examine the severity of postoperative morbidity. Herein, we constructed prediction models that analyze the risk for postoperative morbidity based on severity. Methods: Perioperative data were retrieved from the National Clinical Database in patients who underwent elective gastric cancer resection between 2011 and 2012 in Japan. Severity of postoperative complications was determined by Clavien-Dindo classification. Patients were randomly divided into two groups, the development set and the validation set. Logistic regression analysis was used to build prediction models. Calibration powers of the models were assessed by a calibration plot in which linearity between the observed and predicted event rates in 10 risk bands was assessed by the Pearson R2 statistic. Results: We obtained 154 278 patients for the analysis. Prediction models were constructed for grade ≥2, grade ≥3, grade ≥4, and grade 5 in the development set (n = 77 423). Calibration plots of these models showed significant linearity in the validation set (n = 76 855): R2 = 0.995 for grade ≥2, R2 = 0.997 for grade ≥3, R2 = 0.998 for grade ≥4, and R2 = 0.997 for grade 5 (all: P < 0.001). Conclusion: Prediction models for postoperative morbidity based on grade will provide a comprehensive risk of surgery. These models may be useful for informed consent and surgical decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-551
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Gastroenterological Surgery
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1

Keywords

  • National Clinical Database
  • gastric cancer
  • morbidity
  • risk model
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Surgery

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