Development of a flexible thermal control device with high-thermal- conductivity graphite sheets

Hosei Nagano, Yuji Nagasaka, Akira Ohnishi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

This paper describes a new passive thermal control device-a Reversible Thermal Panel (RTP)-which changes its function reversibly from a radiator to a solar absorber by deploying/stowing the radiator/absorber reversible fin. The RTP consists of Highly Oriented Graphite Sheets (HOGSs), which have characteristics of high thermal conductivity, flexibility and light weight, as thermal transport units, which can transport the heat from equipment to reversible fin, and of a Shape - Memory Alloy (SMA) as a passively rotary actuator to deploy/stow the reversible fin. The RTP prototype model was designed and fabricated using HOGSs, a honeycomb base palate, and a prototype reversible rotary actuator. The heat rejection performance of the RTP as a radiator and the heat absorption performance as an absorber were evaluated by thermal vacuum tests and thermal analyses. The autonomous thermal controllability achieved using the prototype rotary actuator was also evaluated. The test results showed that RTP gave an excellent performance as a passive radiator from the standpoints of heat rejection capability, specific heat rejection, and variation of the radiator fin efficiency. The effectiveness of the RTP as a solar absorber that can be substituted for a survival heater was also confirmed. The necessity of reinvestigating the thermal conductance between the equipment simulator plate and the rotary actuator housing, and of designing a reversible rotary actuator using a shape-memory alloy to achieve higher deployment torque, were revealed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSAE Technical Papers
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1
Event33rd International Conference on Environmental Systems, ICES 2003 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 2003 Jul 72003 Jul 10

Fingerprint

Thermal conductivity
Graphite
Radiators
Actuators
Solar absorbers
Hot Temperature
Shape memory effect
Controllability
Specific heat
Torque
Simulators
Vacuum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Development of a flexible thermal control device with high-thermal- conductivity graphite sheets. / Nagano, Hosei; Nagasaka, Yuji; Ohnishi, Akira.

In: SAE Technical Papers, 01.01.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

@article{3b6383a1ac3643b39d7a5056c095af1a,
title = "Development of a flexible thermal control device with high-thermal- conductivity graphite sheets",
abstract = "This paper describes a new passive thermal control device-a Reversible Thermal Panel (RTP)-which changes its function reversibly from a radiator to a solar absorber by deploying/stowing the radiator/absorber reversible fin. The RTP consists of Highly Oriented Graphite Sheets (HOGSs), which have characteristics of high thermal conductivity, flexibility and light weight, as thermal transport units, which can transport the heat from equipment to reversible fin, and of a Shape - Memory Alloy (SMA) as a passively rotary actuator to deploy/stow the reversible fin. The RTP prototype model was designed and fabricated using HOGSs, a honeycomb base palate, and a prototype reversible rotary actuator. The heat rejection performance of the RTP as a radiator and the heat absorption performance as an absorber were evaluated by thermal vacuum tests and thermal analyses. The autonomous thermal controllability achieved using the prototype rotary actuator was also evaluated. The test results showed that RTP gave an excellent performance as a passive radiator from the standpoints of heat rejection capability, specific heat rejection, and variation of the radiator fin efficiency. The effectiveness of the RTP as a solar absorber that can be substituted for a survival heater was also confirmed. The necessity of reinvestigating the thermal conductance between the equipment simulator plate and the rotary actuator housing, and of designing a reversible rotary actuator using a shape-memory alloy to achieve higher deployment torque, were revealed.",
author = "Hosei Nagano and Yuji Nagasaka and Akira Ohnishi",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4271/2003-01-2471",
language = "English",
journal = "SAE Technical Papers",
issn = "0148-7191",
publisher = "SAE International",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a flexible thermal control device with high-thermal- conductivity graphite sheets

AU - Nagano, Hosei

AU - Nagasaka, Yuji

AU - Ohnishi, Akira

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - This paper describes a new passive thermal control device-a Reversible Thermal Panel (RTP)-which changes its function reversibly from a radiator to a solar absorber by deploying/stowing the radiator/absorber reversible fin. The RTP consists of Highly Oriented Graphite Sheets (HOGSs), which have characteristics of high thermal conductivity, flexibility and light weight, as thermal transport units, which can transport the heat from equipment to reversible fin, and of a Shape - Memory Alloy (SMA) as a passively rotary actuator to deploy/stow the reversible fin. The RTP prototype model was designed and fabricated using HOGSs, a honeycomb base palate, and a prototype reversible rotary actuator. The heat rejection performance of the RTP as a radiator and the heat absorption performance as an absorber were evaluated by thermal vacuum tests and thermal analyses. The autonomous thermal controllability achieved using the prototype rotary actuator was also evaluated. The test results showed that RTP gave an excellent performance as a passive radiator from the standpoints of heat rejection capability, specific heat rejection, and variation of the radiator fin efficiency. The effectiveness of the RTP as a solar absorber that can be substituted for a survival heater was also confirmed. The necessity of reinvestigating the thermal conductance between the equipment simulator plate and the rotary actuator housing, and of designing a reversible rotary actuator using a shape-memory alloy to achieve higher deployment torque, were revealed.

AB - This paper describes a new passive thermal control device-a Reversible Thermal Panel (RTP)-which changes its function reversibly from a radiator to a solar absorber by deploying/stowing the radiator/absorber reversible fin. The RTP consists of Highly Oriented Graphite Sheets (HOGSs), which have characteristics of high thermal conductivity, flexibility and light weight, as thermal transport units, which can transport the heat from equipment to reversible fin, and of a Shape - Memory Alloy (SMA) as a passively rotary actuator to deploy/stow the reversible fin. The RTP prototype model was designed and fabricated using HOGSs, a honeycomb base palate, and a prototype reversible rotary actuator. The heat rejection performance of the RTP as a radiator and the heat absorption performance as an absorber were evaluated by thermal vacuum tests and thermal analyses. The autonomous thermal controllability achieved using the prototype rotary actuator was also evaluated. The test results showed that RTP gave an excellent performance as a passive radiator from the standpoints of heat rejection capability, specific heat rejection, and variation of the radiator fin efficiency. The effectiveness of the RTP as a solar absorber that can be substituted for a survival heater was also confirmed. The necessity of reinvestigating the thermal conductance between the equipment simulator plate and the rotary actuator housing, and of designing a reversible rotary actuator using a shape-memory alloy to achieve higher deployment torque, were revealed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072425764&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072425764&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4271/2003-01-2471

DO - 10.4271/2003-01-2471

M3 - Conference article

JO - SAE Technical Papers

JF - SAE Technical Papers

SN - 0148-7191

ER -