Development of a sensitive LC–MS/MS method for quantification of linezolid and its primary metabolites in human serum

Ernane Souza, Jeremy Felton, Ryan L. Crass, Kengo Hanaya, Manjunath P. Pai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Linezolid (LZD) is a widely used antimicrobial that is active against a broad range of disease-causing bacteria. Myelosuppression is major treatment-limiting toxicity of LZD that occurs more frequently in patients with renal insufficiency. Quantification of LZD and its two primary metabolites (PNU-142300 and PNU-142586), which undergo significant renal elimination, may support design of improved dosing strategies to mitigate the risk of myelosuppression. In this study, we established the first liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) method for the simultaneous quantification of LZD and its main metabolites in human serum. Proteins in serum samples were precipitated with acetonitrile containing a deuterated internal standard. Chromatographic separation of analytes was performed with Waters X-bridge column (C18, 150 × 4.6 mm, 3.5 μm) at 25 °C and subjected to mass analysis using positive electro-spray ionization. The mobile phase A was water with 0.1% formic acid, and mobile phase B was acetonitrile with 0.1% formic acid at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min, within a 15 min run time. Standard curves were linear and correlation coefficients (r2) were ≥0.99 for concentration ranges of 0.1–50 μg/mL for LZD and PNU-142300, and 0.1–25 μg/mL for PNU-142586. The inter- and intra-assay precisions were <15% for all analytes in quality control samples, and the accuracies ranged from 97 to 112%. Extraction recoveries ranged from 78 to 103% for all analytes, and there was no significant matrix effect. Samples from 10 patients (5 with renal impairment) were assayed. Mean (SD) LZD, PNU-142300 and PNU-142586 trough concentrations were 19.4(6.8), 11.6(6.8), 25.7(16.4) μg/mL, respectively, in patients with renal impairment. These values were 2.5-, 5.8-, and 6.8-fold higher for LZD, PNU-142300 and PNU-142586, respectively compared to patients without renal impairment. The method was effectively applied in the determination of LZD and its main metabolites in human serum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112968
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Volume178
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 30

Keywords

  • Infectious diseases
  • Linezolid
  • Myelosuppression
  • Oxazolidinone
  • PNU-142300
  • PNU-142586

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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