Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications

R. M. Maheshi Ruwanthika, Seiichiro Katsura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Bilateral control facilitates access with haptic feedback to remote environment through master-slave robots. The technique is applicable for remote assist robots working in human spaces where safety is a must. This paper proposes step by step implementation of safe and comfortable operating mechanism to be used with bilateral control robots. It will protect the object touched by the slave robot. In bilateral control, master operator freely applies force on remote objects via interface devices. This force could exceed object safe force limit and could damage it. Therefore, this paper implements master-slave local safety functions when reaction force from the environment exceeds the predefined force limit. Explicit force control is implemented on the slave side and virtual stiffness control is implemented on the master side during safe mode operation. The state transition from bilateral control to local safety functions causes loss of reaction force experience on the master side. This paper explains the procedure to remove loss of reaction force experience on the master side and how to facilitate continues force increasing with virtual stiffness control. Further proposed method uses bilateral control common mode force servoing property to maintain the master slave connection during local safe mode operation. This study uses sensorless sensing techniques of disturbance observer for robust motion control and reaction force observer for reaction force estimation. The effectiveness of the proposed methods is validated through experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages607-617
Number of pages11
Volume10652 LNAI
ISBN (Print)9783319700212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Event9th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2017 - Tsukuba, Japan
Duration: 2017 Nov 222017 Nov 24

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10652 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other9th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2017
CountryJapan
CityTsukuba
Period17/11/2217/11/24

Fingerprint

Robot applications
Robot Control
Enhancement
Safety
Robots
Stiffness
Robot
Force control
Motion control
Robust control
Exceed
Access control
Haptic Feedback
Disturbance Observer
Force Control
Motion Control
Feedback
State Transition
Robust Control
Access Control

Keywords

  • Bilateral control
  • Disturbance observer
  • Force control
  • Master-slave
  • Object safety
  • Reaction force observer
  • State transition
  • Virtual stiffness control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Maheshi Ruwanthika, R. M., & Katsura, S. (2017). Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications. In Social Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings (Vol. 10652 LNAI, pp. 607-617). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10652 LNAI). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70022-9_60

Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications. / Maheshi Ruwanthika, R. M.; Katsura, Seiichiro.

Social Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings. Vol. 10652 LNAI Springer Verlag, 2017. p. 607-617 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10652 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Maheshi Ruwanthika, RM & Katsura, S 2017, Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications. in Social Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings. vol. 10652 LNAI, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 10652 LNAI, Springer Verlag, pp. 607-617, 9th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2017, Tsukuba, Japan, 17/11/22. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70022-9_60
Maheshi Ruwanthika RM, Katsura S. Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications. In Social Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings. Vol. 10652 LNAI. Springer Verlag. 2017. p. 607-617. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70022-9_60
Maheshi Ruwanthika, R. M. ; Katsura, Seiichiro. / Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications. Social Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings. Vol. 10652 LNAI Springer Verlag, 2017. pp. 607-617 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
@inproceedings{ec8521d61eb948ff93abe1d9341890a3,
title = "Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications",
abstract = "Bilateral control facilitates access with haptic feedback to remote environment through master-slave robots. The technique is applicable for remote assist robots working in human spaces where safety is a must. This paper proposes step by step implementation of safe and comfortable operating mechanism to be used with bilateral control robots. It will protect the object touched by the slave robot. In bilateral control, master operator freely applies force on remote objects via interface devices. This force could exceed object safe force limit and could damage it. Therefore, this paper implements master-slave local safety functions when reaction force from the environment exceeds the predefined force limit. Explicit force control is implemented on the slave side and virtual stiffness control is implemented on the master side during safe mode operation. The state transition from bilateral control to local safety functions causes loss of reaction force experience on the master side. This paper explains the procedure to remove loss of reaction force experience on the master side and how to facilitate continues force increasing with virtual stiffness control. Further proposed method uses bilateral control common mode force servoing property to maintain the master slave connection during local safe mode operation. This study uses sensorless sensing techniques of disturbance observer for robust motion control and reaction force observer for reaction force estimation. The effectiveness of the proposed methods is validated through experiments.",
keywords = "Bilateral control, Disturbance observer, Force control, Master-slave, Object safety, Reaction force observer, State transition, Virtual stiffness control",
author = "{Maheshi Ruwanthika}, {R. M.} and Seiichiro Katsura",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-70022-9_60",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783319700212",
volume = "10652 LNAI",
series = "Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
pages = "607--617",
booktitle = "Social Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings",
address = "Germany",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Development of Control Mechanism for Safety Enhancement in Bilateral Control Robot Applications

AU - Maheshi Ruwanthika, R. M.

AU - Katsura, Seiichiro

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Bilateral control facilitates access with haptic feedback to remote environment through master-slave robots. The technique is applicable for remote assist robots working in human spaces where safety is a must. This paper proposes step by step implementation of safe and comfortable operating mechanism to be used with bilateral control robots. It will protect the object touched by the slave robot. In bilateral control, master operator freely applies force on remote objects via interface devices. This force could exceed object safe force limit and could damage it. Therefore, this paper implements master-slave local safety functions when reaction force from the environment exceeds the predefined force limit. Explicit force control is implemented on the slave side and virtual stiffness control is implemented on the master side during safe mode operation. The state transition from bilateral control to local safety functions causes loss of reaction force experience on the master side. This paper explains the procedure to remove loss of reaction force experience on the master side and how to facilitate continues force increasing with virtual stiffness control. Further proposed method uses bilateral control common mode force servoing property to maintain the master slave connection during local safe mode operation. This study uses sensorless sensing techniques of disturbance observer for robust motion control and reaction force observer for reaction force estimation. The effectiveness of the proposed methods is validated through experiments.

AB - Bilateral control facilitates access with haptic feedback to remote environment through master-slave robots. The technique is applicable for remote assist robots working in human spaces where safety is a must. This paper proposes step by step implementation of safe and comfortable operating mechanism to be used with bilateral control robots. It will protect the object touched by the slave robot. In bilateral control, master operator freely applies force on remote objects via interface devices. This force could exceed object safe force limit and could damage it. Therefore, this paper implements master-slave local safety functions when reaction force from the environment exceeds the predefined force limit. Explicit force control is implemented on the slave side and virtual stiffness control is implemented on the master side during safe mode operation. The state transition from bilateral control to local safety functions causes loss of reaction force experience on the master side. This paper explains the procedure to remove loss of reaction force experience on the master side and how to facilitate continues force increasing with virtual stiffness control. Further proposed method uses bilateral control common mode force servoing property to maintain the master slave connection during local safe mode operation. This study uses sensorless sensing techniques of disturbance observer for robust motion control and reaction force observer for reaction force estimation. The effectiveness of the proposed methods is validated through experiments.

KW - Bilateral control

KW - Disturbance observer

KW - Force control

KW - Master-slave

KW - Object safety

KW - Reaction force observer

KW - State transition

KW - Virtual stiffness control

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85035792679&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85035792679&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-70022-9_60

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-70022-9_60

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85035792679

SN - 9783319700212

VL - 10652 LNAI

T3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

SP - 607

EP - 617

BT - Social Robotics - 9th International Conference, ICSR 2017, Proceedings

PB - Springer Verlag

ER -