Development of electro-adhesion clutch and its application to force display

Yasuhiro Kakinuma, Hiroaki Watanabe, Tojiro Aoyama, Hidenobu Anza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electro-Rheological Gel (ERG) is a functional elastomer which changes the adhesive property according to applied electric field. This unique property of ERG is named as electro-adhesion effect (EA effect). The one-sided pattern electrodes is a very useful idea to free sliding or rotating parts from wiring arrangements and contribute to extend the application field for ER materials. The purpose of this study is to develop the electro-adhesion clutch (EA clutch) applying the ERG with one-sided electrodes as the novel clutch mechanism. In order to exhibit the wide change of the transferred torque in EA clutch, the optimum pattern of one-sided electrode which can obtain the high EA effect is designed and the EA clutch is manufactured with its designed electrodes. From the result of its performance evaluation, it is clear that transferred torque is almost proportional to applied voltage between one-sided electrodes. Moreover, in this study, EA clutch system which controls transferred torque with PID controller is developed and applied to force display device. The result shows that the variable viscous torque can be exhibited to human beings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2084-2090
Number of pages7
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume75
Issue number755
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul

Fingerprint

Clutches
Adhesion
Display devices
Electrodes
Gels
Torque
Torque control
Electric wiring
Elastomers
Adhesives
Electric fields
Control systems
Controllers
Electric potential

Keywords

  • Clutch
  • ER Fluid
  • ER Gel
  • Force Display
  • Functinal Elastomer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Development of electro-adhesion clutch and its application to force display",
abstract = "Electro-Rheological Gel (ERG) is a functional elastomer which changes the adhesive property according to applied electric field. This unique property of ERG is named as electro-adhesion effect (EA effect). The one-sided pattern electrodes is a very useful idea to free sliding or rotating parts from wiring arrangements and contribute to extend the application field for ER materials. The purpose of this study is to develop the electro-adhesion clutch (EA clutch) applying the ERG with one-sided electrodes as the novel clutch mechanism. In order to exhibit the wide change of the transferred torque in EA clutch, the optimum pattern of one-sided electrode which can obtain the high EA effect is designed and the EA clutch is manufactured with its designed electrodes. From the result of its performance evaluation, it is clear that transferred torque is almost proportional to applied voltage between one-sided electrodes. Moreover, in this study, EA clutch system which controls transferred torque with PID controller is developed and applied to force display device. The result shows that the variable viscous torque can be exhibited to human beings.",
keywords = "Clutch, ER Fluid, ER Gel, Force Display, Functinal Elastomer",
author = "Yasuhiro Kakinuma and Hiroaki Watanabe and Tojiro Aoyama and Hidenobu Anza",
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journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of electro-adhesion clutch and its application to force display

AU - Kakinuma, Yasuhiro

AU - Watanabe, Hiroaki

AU - Aoyama, Tojiro

AU - Anza, Hidenobu

PY - 2009/7

Y1 - 2009/7

N2 - Electro-Rheological Gel (ERG) is a functional elastomer which changes the adhesive property according to applied electric field. This unique property of ERG is named as electro-adhesion effect (EA effect). The one-sided pattern electrodes is a very useful idea to free sliding or rotating parts from wiring arrangements and contribute to extend the application field for ER materials. The purpose of this study is to develop the electro-adhesion clutch (EA clutch) applying the ERG with one-sided electrodes as the novel clutch mechanism. In order to exhibit the wide change of the transferred torque in EA clutch, the optimum pattern of one-sided electrode which can obtain the high EA effect is designed and the EA clutch is manufactured with its designed electrodes. From the result of its performance evaluation, it is clear that transferred torque is almost proportional to applied voltage between one-sided electrodes. Moreover, in this study, EA clutch system which controls transferred torque with PID controller is developed and applied to force display device. The result shows that the variable viscous torque can be exhibited to human beings.

AB - Electro-Rheological Gel (ERG) is a functional elastomer which changes the adhesive property according to applied electric field. This unique property of ERG is named as electro-adhesion effect (EA effect). The one-sided pattern electrodes is a very useful idea to free sliding or rotating parts from wiring arrangements and contribute to extend the application field for ER materials. The purpose of this study is to develop the electro-adhesion clutch (EA clutch) applying the ERG with one-sided electrodes as the novel clutch mechanism. In order to exhibit the wide change of the transferred torque in EA clutch, the optimum pattern of one-sided electrode which can obtain the high EA effect is designed and the EA clutch is manufactured with its designed electrodes. From the result of its performance evaluation, it is clear that transferred torque is almost proportional to applied voltage between one-sided electrodes. Moreover, in this study, EA clutch system which controls transferred torque with PID controller is developed and applied to force display device. The result shows that the variable viscous torque can be exhibited to human beings.

KW - Clutch

KW - ER Fluid

KW - ER Gel

KW - Force Display

KW - Functinal Elastomer

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JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C

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