TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of phase-field model based on balance laws and thermodynamic discussion

AU - Muramatsu, Mayu

AU - Shizawa, Kazuyuki

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Author(s).

PY - 2020/9/1

Y1 - 2020/9/1

N2 - In this work, a phase-field model for recrystallization is developed based on the conservation laws. There has been no attempt to develop a phase-field model of recrystallization based on the conservation laws, even though various phase-field simulation models to reproduce the recrystallization phenomenon have been proposed. However, it is unclear what conservation laws are required for such a model. In the previous paper, toward solving this problem, we developed conservation laws of mass, momentum, angular momentum, and energy and a law of entropy at the lattice scale for the process of recrystallization. In this paper, first, two continuous variables, i.e., the order parameter and crystal orientation, are introduced into the balance equation of mass for a single phase and that of angular momentum for the lattice, respectively. Next, the fluxes of the order parameter and crystal orientation are derived from the law of entropy by the use of rational thermodynamics. Moreover, the diffusion coefficient and mass source are modeled to derive the evolution equations, i.e., phase-field equations of the order parameter and crystal orientation. Finally, for the phase-field equation of the crystal orientation, neglecting the conservative part and integrating the equation with respect to time under the first-order approximation, a phase-field model that is used for stable calculations is developed. This work aims to develop a phase-field theory on the basis of the change in crystal lattice during recrystallization. This paper gives a physical background to the methodological phase-field approach in the case of recrystallization.

AB - In this work, a phase-field model for recrystallization is developed based on the conservation laws. There has been no attempt to develop a phase-field model of recrystallization based on the conservation laws, even though various phase-field simulation models to reproduce the recrystallization phenomenon have been proposed. However, it is unclear what conservation laws are required for such a model. In the previous paper, toward solving this problem, we developed conservation laws of mass, momentum, angular momentum, and energy and a law of entropy at the lattice scale for the process of recrystallization. In this paper, first, two continuous variables, i.e., the order parameter and crystal orientation, are introduced into the balance equation of mass for a single phase and that of angular momentum for the lattice, respectively. Next, the fluxes of the order parameter and crystal orientation are derived from the law of entropy by the use of rational thermodynamics. Moreover, the diffusion coefficient and mass source are modeled to derive the evolution equations, i.e., phase-field equations of the order parameter and crystal orientation. Finally, for the phase-field equation of the crystal orientation, neglecting the conservative part and integrating the equation with respect to time under the first-order approximation, a phase-field model that is used for stable calculations is developed. This work aims to develop a phase-field theory on the basis of the change in crystal lattice during recrystallization. This paper gives a physical background to the methodological phase-field approach in the case of recrystallization.

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U2 - 10.1063/5.0021881

DO - 10.1063/5.0021881

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85092645966

VL - 10

JO - AIP Advances

JF - AIP Advances

SN - 2158-3226

IS - 9

M1 - 095325

ER -